понедельник, 30 декабря 2019 г.

Cramond Roman Fort, Edinburgh, Scotland, 28.12.19.A large Roman fort on the edge of the Firth of...

Cramond Roman Fort, Edinburgh, Scotland, 28.12.19.

A large Roman fort on the edge of the Firth of Forth or Bodotria as it was known during Roman Occupation. The fort is largely buried under Cramond Kirk and multiple contemporary buildings although some buildings have been excavated.



* This article was originally published here

Newly found stakes prompt fresh look at Vietnam's defeat of the Mongols


Excavations on a 950-square-meter site uncovered several ironwood poles in the Cao Quy rice field, located in Vietnam's Lien Khe Commune, Thuy Nguyen District.

Newly found stakes prompt fresh look at Vietnam's defeat of the Mongols
Credit: VNExpress
Archaeologists said this is a large-scale, important finding relating to the Tran Dynasty’s famous Bach Dang Battle against an invasion by Mongolia’s Yuan Dynasty.


Well-known historian Le Van Lan noted the discovery might show that the 1288 battle was actually a three-phase operation instead of an isolated river battle as previously thought. "The first phase was the launch of soldiers to exhaust the enemies’ resources and strength. Phase two involved Vietnamese soldiers blocking the Mongolian fleet from taking a shortcut via creeks, forcing them to go to the Bach Dang River. Phase three was the historic Bang Dang Battle."

Newly found stakes prompt fresh look at Vietnam's defeat of the Mongols
Credit: VNExpress
The stakes found at the Cao Quy rice field could be instrumental in phase two.

The stakes are made of ironwood, teak and other species. Those found in Cao Quy are said to be much larger and demonstrate evenly sharpened trunks, unlike smaller and pointier ones found at Quang Yen Town in Quang Ninh Province, 15 kilometers away.

Newly found stakes prompt fresh look at Vietnam's defeat of the Mongols
Credit: VNExpress
The stake yard in Quang Ninh was first discovered in 1953 when locals were building a dyke. It was officially recognized as one of Vietnam’s historic vestiges in 1998.


Commanded by the legendary General Tran Hung Dao (1226-1300), Vietnamese soldiers submerged the wooden poles in Bach Dang River prior to the fleet’s arrival, comprising 18,000 men and 400 vessels. Hidden during high tide, the stakes trapped the invaders when the tide receded, ensuring victory for Tran Hung Dao.

Newly found stakes prompt fresh look at Vietnam's defeat of the Mongols
Credit: VNExpress
The landslide victory in Bach Dang River is considered the biggest naval battle in Vietnam's history and a representative triumph in Vietnam's fights against three invasions of the Mongolian empire.

Archaeologists had to dig 2.5 meters deep in order to study the stakes which have different lengths and diameters. The longest one is nearly 5 meters, while the widest one has a diameter of 0.5 meters. They are placed four to five meters apart.

Newly found stakes prompt fresh look at Vietnam's defeat of the Mongols
Credit: VNExpress
The researchers have different theories about the threads found around the trunks. They were either attached to cattle that pulled the logs or used as link between logs.


The stakes were planted in the river under the command of General Tran Hung Dao more than 700 years ago. The river body has reduced in size because of alluvial deposits and human activities, placing the stakes in a rice field that is Cao Quy today.

Newly found stakes prompt fresh look at Vietnam's defeat of the Mongols
Credit: VNExpress
The archaeologists have not yet determined how the stakes were planted because the excavated ones show equal footing.

According to Complete Annals of Dai Viet (Dai Viet Su Ky), General Tran Hung Dao covered the stakes with grass prior to the fight and faked a retreat which drew the enemy’s fleet into the stakes. The invaders, unaware of the high tide and the hidden stakes, ended up getting trapped in them. The invaders drowned or were killed by the General’s army. The Annals says that the river turned red with blood.

Newly found stakes prompt fresh look at Vietnam's defeat of the Mongols
Credit: VNExpress
At a conference on the new discovery on Saturday, many researchers proposed the area on the Cao Quy rice field, where the stakes used in the legendary ‘Battle of Bach Dang’ were found, is recognized as "a special national heritage site" and possibly "a world's heritage site".

Author: Giang Chinh | Source: VNExpress [December 22, 2019]



* This article was originally published here

Fireball over Puerto Rico

51 views   0 likes   0 dislikes  

Channel: Frankie Lucena  

I captured this fireball on the night of Sept 10, 2019 at 10:28pm local time (02:28 UTC Sept 11). My camera was facing northwest from Cabo Rojo.

Video length: 0:07
Category: Science & Technology
0 comments

Чудеса цветут цветы зимой в Одессе

 

I found flowers on the streets, taking into account that there are frosts on the street, the flowers began to bloom on dry stems. I am very pleasantly surprised at night the temperature is below zero Celsius.
I found flowers on the streets, taking into account that there are frosts on the street, the flowers began to bloom on dry stems. I am very pleasantly surprised at night the temperature is below zero Celsius.     December 30, 2019    Цветы на улицах Одессы. С учётом того, что на улице заморозки, цветы начали цвести на сухих стеблях. Я очень приятно удивлен, ночами температура ниже нуля по Цельсию.
December 30, 2019

Цветы на улицах Одессы. С учётом того, что на улице заморозки, цветы начали цвести на сухих стеблях. Я очень приятно удивлен, ночами температура ниже нуля по Цельсию.
I found flowers on the streets, taking into account that there are frosts on the street, the flowers began to bloom on dry stems. I am very pleasantly surprised at night the temperature is below zero Celsius.     December 30, 2019    Цветы на улицах Одессы. С учётом того, что на улице заморозки, цветы начали цвести на сухих стеблях. Я очень приятно удивлен, ночами температура ниже нуля по Цельсию.
I found flowers on the streets, taking into account that there are frosts on the street, the flowers began to bloom on dry stems. I am very pleasantly surprised at night the temperature is below zero Celsius.     December 30, 2019    Цветы на улицах Одессы. С учётом того, что на улице заморозки, цветы начали цвести на сухих стеблях. Я очень приятно удивлен, ночами температура ниже нуля по Цельсию.
I found flowers on the streets, taking into account that there are frosts on the street, the flowers began to bloom on dry stems. I am very pleasantly surprised at night the temperature is below zero Celsius.     December 30, 2019    Цветы на улицах Одессы. С учётом того, что на улице заморозки, цветы начали цвести на сухих стеблях. Я очень приятно удивлен, ночами температура ниже нуля по Цельсию.

Mesolithic Settlement Site, Cramond Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland, 28.12.19.

Mesolithic Settlement Site, Cramond Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland, 28.12.19.



* This article was originally published here

Spherical Ball Of Electricity

230 views   26 likes   0 dislikes  

Channel: Terry's Theories  

This video was recorded on the 20th of Oct. 2019 in Scotland by the youtube channel AcidAndy RFC. It shows some kind of spherical ball of electricity That hovers above a electrical power station. What do you guys think this is, a malfunction in the power grid maybe some kind of natural occurence of lighting like globe or ball lighting? Could it be something else, you decide.
Source video is AcidAndy RFC all the credit goes to him and his channel.https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fg-_WEDMBgA

Video length: 2:50
Category: Science & Technology
5 comments

Edin’s Hall Broch and Iron Age Settlement, Scottish Borders, Scotland, 29.12.19.

Edin’s Hall Broch and Iron Age Settlement, Scottish Borders, Scotland, 29.12.19.



* This article was originally published here

Gigantic Jet over Tropical Storm Karen

111 views   7 likes   0 dislikes  

Channel: Frankie Lucena  

This massive Gigantic Jet was captured on Sept 24, 2019 while tropical storm Karen was just south of my location in Cabo Rojo,Puerto Rico. The diffused top is similar to one that was captured near Taiwan last year and was found to be an overshooting event. A regular gigantic jet reaches about 90 Km and an overshooting event reaches 100 Km or higher, which means it enters the Ionosphere.

Video length: 0:21
Category: Science & Technology
6 comments

The Chesters Iron Age Hillfort, North Berwick, Scotland, 29.12.19.

The Chesters Iron Age Hillfort, North Berwick, Scotland, 29.12.19.



* This article was originally published here

Gigantic Jet Lightning in the Caribbean

937 views   7 likes   0 dislikes  

Channel: Frankie Lucena  

This gigantic jet was captured on the night of Sept 16th 2019. It was southwest of my location in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico.

Video length: 0:13
Category: Science & Technology
1 comments

‘Eagle Rock’ Roman Site, Cramond Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland, 28.12.19.In close proximity...

‘Eagle Rock’ Roman Site, Cramond Kirk, Edinburgh, Scotland, 28.12.19.

In close proximity to Cramond Roman Fort, this weather worn eagle carving is thought to be Roman in origin; was it a shrine or a landing site or a crude symbol of might for the tribes across the Firth of Forth?



* This article was originally published here

2019 December 30 Messier 20 and 21 Image Credit &...



2019 December 30

Messier 20 and 21
Image Credit & Copyright: Stanislav Volskiy, Chilescope Team

Explanation: The beautiful Trifid Nebula, also known as Messier 20, is easy to find with a small telescope in the nebula rich constellation Sagittarius. About 5,000 light-years away, the colorful study in cosmic contrasts shares this well-composed, nearly 1 degree wide field with open star cluster Messier 21 (top left). Trisected by dust lanes the Trifid itself is about 40 light-years across and a mere 300,000 years old. That makes it one of the youngest star forming regions in our sky, with newborn and embryonic stars embedded in its natal dust and gas clouds. Estimates of the distance to open star cluster M21 are similar to M20’s, but though they share this gorgeous telescopic skyscape there is no apparent connection between the two. In fact, M21’s stars are much older, about 8 million years old.

∞ Source: apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap191230.html



* This article was originally published here

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