воскресенье, 10 ноября 2019 г.

CMS measures Higgs boson’s mass with unprecedented precision

CERN - European Organization for Nuclear Research logo.

November 2, 2019

The CMS collaboration reported the Higgs boson’s mass with a precision of about 0.1%

Image above: A candidate from CMS of a Higgs boson transforming into two photons; the two large green towers show energy deposits from the photons (Image: Thomas McCauley, CMS/CERN).

The Higgs boson is a special particle. It is the manifestation of a field that gives mass to elementary particles. But this field also gives mass to the Higgs boson itself. A precise measurement of the Higgs boson’s mass not only furthers our knowledge of physics but also sheds new light on searches planned at future colliders.

Since discovering this unique particle in 2012, the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at CERN’s Large Hadron Collider have been busy determining its properties. In the Standard Model of particle physics, the Higgs boson’s mass is closely related to the strength of the particle’s interaction with itself. Comparing precise measurements of these two properties is a crucial means of testing the predictions of the Standard Model and helps search for physics beyond the predictions of this theory. In addition to probing its “self-interaction” strength, the researchers have also paid careful attention to the exact mass of the Higgs boson.

When it was first discovered, the particle’s mass was measured to be around 125 gigaelectronvolts (GeV) but it wasn’t known with high precision. Analysis of much more data was needed before reducing the errors in such a measurement. Indeed, ATLAS and CMS have been improving this precision with their respective measurements over the years. Last year, ATLAS measured the Higgs mass to be 124.97 GeV with a precision of 0.24 GeV or 0.19%. Now, the CMS collaboration has announced the most precise measurement so far of this property: 125.35 GeV with a precision of 0.15 GeV, or 0.12%.

Large Hadron Collider (LHC). Animation Credit: CERN

Like most members of the zoo of known particles, the Higgs boson is unstable and transforms – or “decays” – nearly instantaneously into lighter particles. The mass measurement was based on two very different transformations of the Higgs boson, namely decays to four leptons via two intermediate Z bosons and decays to pairs of photons. To arrive at the mass value, the scientists combined CMS results of these two decays from two datasets: the first was recorded in 2011 and 2012 while the second came from 2016.

This measurement adds another piece to the puzzle of the exciting world of subatomic particles.

More details on the CMS website: https://cms.cern/news/cms-precisely-measures-mass-higgs-boson


CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, is one of the world’s largest and most respected centres for scientific research. Its business is fundamental physics, finding out what the Universe is made of and how it works. At CERN, the world’s largest and most complex scientific instruments are used to study the basic constituents of matter — the fundamental particles. By studying what happens when these particles collide, physicists learn about the laws of Nature.

The instruments used at CERN are particle accelerators and detectors. Accelerators boost beams of particles to high energies before they are made to collide with each other or with stationary targets. Detectors observe and record the results of these collisions.

Founded in 1954, the CERN Laboratory sits astride the Franco–Swiss border near Geneva. It was one of Europe’s first joint ventures and now has 23 Member States.

Related links:

Higgs boson: https://home.cern/science/physics/higgs-boson

Standard Model: https://home.cern/science/physics/standard-model

ATLAS: https://home.cern/science/experiments/atlas

CMS: https://home.cern/science/experiments/cms

Large Hadron Collider (LHC): https://home.cern/science/accelerators/large-hadron-collider

For more information about European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), Visit: https://home.cern/

Image (mentioned), Animation (mentioned), Text, Credits: European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN).

Best regards, Orbiter.ch

* This article was originally published here

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