понедельник, 29 июля 2019 г.

Sunken ancient Greek temple, shipwrecks, coins and jewellery found in Egypt’s...

Beneath the waves of the Mediterranean, underwater archaeologists were busy digging the sea-bed to uncover more secrets of the sunken cities of Heracleion and Canopus in Abu Qir Bay, in Alexandria.











Sunken ancient Greek temple, shipwrecks, coins and jewellery found in Egypt's submerged city Heracleion
Granite columns and a Greek temple were found during recent dives and studies in the ancient sunken
harbour city Heracleion, off Egypt ‘s north coast [Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

During the recent archaeological season, which was extended up until the past two months, the Egyptian-European mission led by Frank Goddio, Head of the European Underwater Archaeology Institute (Institut Européen d’Archéologie Sous-Marine) has succeeded in uncovering the remains of a large settlement, a temple, shipwrecks and a collection of coins and jewellery.











Sunken ancient Greek temple, shipwrecks, coins and jewellery found in Egypt's submerged city Heracleion
Byzantine era coin recovered from a wreck in the sunken harbour city Heracleion off Egypt ‘s north coast 
[Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

Ihab Fahmy, Head of the Underwater Archaeology Department at the ministry of antiquities, told Ahram Online that through using a sophisticated scanning and archaeological surveying device, the mission discovered that the city of Canopus is larger than previously thought.











Sunken ancient Greek temple, shipwrecks, coins and jewellery found in Egypt's submerged city Heracleion
Ptolemaic coin recovered from a wreck in the sunken harbour city Heracleion off Egypt ‘s north coast
[Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

It extends one kilometre south. Inside this extension, Fahmy told Ahram Online, the mission uncovered remains of a port, clay pots from the Saite period, bronze and gold coins from the Ptolemaic and Byzantine eras. Jewellery like rings and earrings was also unearthed











Sunken ancient Greek temple, shipwrecks, coins and jewellery found in Egypt's submerged city Heracleion
Well-preserved necklace recovered from a wreck in the sunken
 harbour city Heracleion off Egypt ‘s north coast
[Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

“This suggests that this city has been inhabited since the eight century BC until the Islamic period,” Fahmy said.











Sunken ancient Greek temple, shipwrecks, coins and jewellery found in Egypt's submerged city Heracleion
Archaeologists surveying in the remains of a shipwreck in the sunken 
harbour city Heracleion off Egypt ‘s north coast
[Credit: Egypt. Ministry of Antiquities]

In Heracleion, the mission found the remains of a new section of an ancient settlement with a new part of the city’s main temple, which has been completely destroyed, remains of another smaller Greek temple, as well as ancient columns and pottery from the third and fourth centuries B.C.E, and bronze coins from the reign of King Ptolemy II.


A shipwreck of a 13 metres long sunken ship was also found lying on the sea-bed. Inside it was a collection of coins and pots. Studies and research will be done on the wreck to know more about it.


Author: Nevine El-Aref | Source: Ahram Online [July 25, 2019]



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