четверг, 18 июля 2019 г.

Grave of second king of Hungary found

Scientists believe they have found the grave of Peter I Orseolo, second king of Hungary, in the crypt of the Cathedral. Peter and Paul in pécs in the South-West of the country.

Grave of second king of Hungary found
Excavation in the crypt of Pécs Cathedral [Credit: Tamás Sóki, MTI]

No remains in the tomb were found, probably because they were intentionally displaced centuries later, writes the online edition of the Chronicle.info with reference to NV.
A team of archaeologists from the Museum of Janus Pannonia was hoping to determine the location of the first Cathedral. Peter and Paul, built in the 11th century. They found the wall under the vault, which was part of the original design. Near it were found the empty grave. As only the founders of the churches were buried in Hungary from the 11th century so it is obvious that it was just such a burial.

The remains from the graves were carefully exhumed, disturbed by the subsequent construction of a dug ditch. This indicates that the remains belonged to someone famous because they were taken with great care to transfer to a new location. There are only two likely candidates: king Peter or the blessed Maurus, second Bishop of Pécs. The moor, however, died about the year 1075, after the construction of the new Church, therefore, grave almost certainly belongs to Peter.

Grave of second king of Hungary found
Empty Tomb of Peter Orseolo [Credit: Tamás Sóki, MTI]

Peter was the son of Grimaldi, younger sister of the first Hungarian king St. Stephen. Grimaldo married a Venetian Doge Ottone Orseolo, and Peter was born in 1011 in Venice. When in 1026 Ottone Orseolo was overthrown, Peter went to visit their uncle in Hungary, and was the commander of his army. As the only son of Stephen died on a hunting trip, Peter Orseolo inherited the Hungarian throne in 1038.
He ruled in 1038-1041 and 1044-1046 years. Second time overthrew him, a popular uprising of the pagans in Hungary. The Governor was blinded and died in 1046 or year or a decade later. However, it sure was buried in the Cathedral of St. Peter and Paul Church, which he built on the site of late Roman cemetery.

The original Cathedral of St. Peter was burned in the year 1064. The one that stands today was built on its remains.

Grave of second king of Hungary found
Roman burial of the late 4th century [Credit: Tamás Sóki, MTI]

Archaeological excavations have discovered the remains of a Roman cemetery the late 4th century. They allow us to conclude that the Christian practice reached this region of Hungary much earlier than expected.

The diocese plans to make the archaeological monuments permanent part of the Church, not to perezahoroneny them. Thus, the crypt visitors can see an ancient burial.

Source: The Mice Times of Asia [July 16, 2019]



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