суббота, 5 мая 2018 г.

The Mother of all Gods: The Phrygian Cybele



The Mother of all Gods: The Phrygian Cybele






A goddess of ecstatic and chthonic reproductive mysteries, Cybele was the primary mother goddess of ancient Anatolia, and Phrygia’s only known goddess thus far. She was a “Mistress of Animals”, “Great Mother” and “Mother of the Mountain” and it appears that Cybele was adopted by the Greeks in Asia Minor (modern day Turkey)






Adventist Adventurer Claimed to Have Found Ark of the Covenant Beneath Crucifixion Site



Adventist Adventurer Claimed to Have Found Ark of the Covenant Beneath Crucifixion Site






One of the greatest mysteries for believers of the Judeo-Christian religions is the present location of the Ark of the Covenant, a chest that is said to contain the two stone tablets of the original Ten Commandments. There are many theories as to its whereabouts but nobody can know for certain because legend says a mere human cannot look on such a holy artifact without suffering tremendous consequences (though perhaps not so severe as those portrayed in Raiders of the Lost Ark). However, one man claims to have not only found the Ark of the Covenant but to have seen it with his own eyes. Ron Wyatt says he found the Ten Commandments on January 6, 1982, an event he believes was foretold by prophecy.


‘The Ark Passes Over the Jordan’


‘The Ark Passes Over the Jordan’ (public domain)


Possible Locations of the Ark


The Bible says that the Commandments were preserved by the Israelites in a wooden chest covered with gold, the Ark of the Covenant. The chest may also contain the rod of Aaron (which famously turned into a snake before the Pharaoh’s eyes) and a pot of manna (believed to be food provided by heaven for the Israelites to survive on while wandering around in the desert).






Neolithic Romeo and Juliet? The Star-Crossed Lovers of Valdaro



Neolithic Romeo and Juliet? The Star-Crossed Lovers of Valdaro






The “Lovers of Valdaro” are a pair of human skeletons that were discovered in 2007 by a team of archaeologists at a Neolithic tomb in Italy. The two skeletons appear to have died while they were gazing into one another’s eyes and hugging each other, thus reminiscent of a “lovers’ embrace.”






Mavia: A Powerful Warrior Queen Who Struck Fear in the Hearts of Ancient Male Rulers



Mavia: A Powerful Warrior Queen Who Struck Fear in the Hearts of Ancient Male Rulers






A woman whose life isn’t confirmed by any archaeological evidence is recognized as one of the most famous ancient Arab queens. Next to Zenobia of Palmyra, Queen Mavia is one of the heroines from the sands of the deserts. Her story has only survived in song and oral traditions, but with this information researchers have been able to reconstruct a probable version of her biography.






The Nine Worthies: Are These the Most Chivalrous Men in History?



The Nine Worthies: Are These the Most Chivalrous Men in History?






It may come as a shock to learn that ancient peoples enjoyed making lists of greats as much as we do. Just as websites make Top 10 lists about topical items today, so too did the Hellenistic Greeks make a Top Seven Wonders of the World list in their day (Wonders being all the rage back then). Another example is the list of the top nine most chivalrous men in history.







Santa Compaña: A Procession of Souls That Spreads Fear Through the Villages of Iberia



Santa Compaña: A Procession of Souls That Spreads Fear Through the Villages of Iberia






Picture a group of the dead passing down the street next to your house. They sing out deathly stories and spread a creepy energy that makes you feel your skin crawl. You want to escape, but you can’t because their songs are also hypnotizing. They are terrifying, but you are curious to see what will happen next. When they pass by your house, you are not sure if they see you or not, but you wish you could disappear in case they do. The Santa Compaña walks before you to announce the death of a new soul that will join their procession. They are welcoming another spirit to their group. They are driven by a curse which can only be lifted by a powerful witch, or fate.


This mysterious procession of souls has been passing through the villages and towns of northwest Iberia and spreading fear for many centuries. They are led by a living person and together they create the scariest manifestation of the dead and living that you could ever imagine.


The Santa Compaña.


The Santa Compaña. Source: Brujería del Cerco






2,800-Year-Old Cursed Assyrian Stele Brings Bad Luck for Police Commissioner



2,800-Year-Old Cursed Assyrian Stele Brings Bad Luck for Police Commissioner






Whoever discards this image from the presence of Salmanu puts it into another place, whether he throws it into water or covers it with earth or brings and places it into a taboo house where it is inaccessible, may the god Salmanu, the great lord, overthrow his sovereignty; may his name and his seed disappear in the land; may he live in a contingent together with the slave women of his land


These are the translated words of the curse etched onto an ancient Assyrian artifact dating back to 800 BC, which is currently at the center of a dispute between its former owner and the Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police in London. The Commissioner is being sued by a Lebanese antiquities dealer after the police confiscated the relic due to questions about its provenance. The stele is in two pieces and the British Museum is the keeper of the top half of the ‘cursed’ relic. They declined to purchase the bottom half when it went up for auction in 2014 due to doubts about how it came to be in the hands of the dealer.


Tell Sheikh Hamad in Syria, where the upper portion of the stele was found.


Tell Sheikh Hamad in Syria, where the upper portion of the stele was found. (Eastern Atlas)







Kivik Kungagraven: A Tomb Fit for a King



Kivik Kungagraven: A Tomb Fit for a King






In 1748, two farmers stumbled upon an ancient stone tomb near the village of Kivik in southern Sweden while digging in a quarry. The tomb, now known as Kivik Kungagraven (‘King’s Grave of Kivik’), has since been reconstructed to a how it would have appeared during the time that it was first built.







The Speyer Cathedral: the largest preserved Romanesque church in Europe

The Speyer Cathedral in Speyer, Germany, officially known as the Cathedral of St. Mary and St. Stephen, ranks as the largest preserved Romanesque church in Europe.


It is one of the most important monuments of the Holy Roman Empire. The building work began in 1030 on the site of a former basilica under Salian Emperor Konrad II, right after his coronation. His goal was to build the biggest church of his era.  It was built of red sandstone which came from the mountains of the Palatine Forest. It is a triple-aised basilica and holds the burials of German Emperors for over 300 years.


Speyer Cathedral  Photo Credit

 


2034


It is one of the most important monuments of the Holy Roman Empire  Photo Credit

In 1061, the church was consecrated under his grandson Heinrich IV who authorized renovation of the church in order to improve the appearance of the building. The eastern section was demolished and only the lower floors remained intact.


After his death, in 1106, the expanded cathedral Speyer II was completed and became the largest building of its time. It was a provocation for the papacy because of its size. At that time, Speyer was a small village with only 500 inhabitants. In 1610, a Gothic chapel has been added to the northern aisle of the cathedral.


Construction of the cathedral begun in 1030  Photo Credit



The interior of the cathedral  Photo Credit
IMG_0189



During the Palatine War, people brought all kind of personal possessions into the cathedral because they were afraid to be outside when the French troops of Louis XIV were looting the town. The Westwerk of the cathedral was completely destroyed and replaced by a much simpler version in 1770.


During the Napoleonic Wars, the cathedral was used as a stable and after the wars in 1813, Speyer was filled with wounded soldiers and the cathedral was needed as an army hospital. When Speyer passed to Bavaria in 1815, Ludwig I allowed the interior of the cathedral to be painted in the late Nazarene style. These paintings were removed in the 1950s with the exception of the Maria cycle by Johann Schraudolph.


It was the most ambitious project of the time  Photo Credit
IMG_0196



IMG_0175


It is dedicated to St. Mary, patron saint of Speyer and St. Stephen Photo Credit

The Speyer Cathedral is the Imperial Cathedral of the bishopric of Speyer. In 1981, UNESCO accepted the cathedral as the second German landmark in its list of World Heritage Sites.


The cathedral includes magnificent chapels, a crypt, a chime composed of nine bells and it’s surrounded by the Heath Tower situated to the east side and the Hall of Antiques situated on the north side of the cathedral.


Source The Vintage News


Atlas V Lifts Off Carrying InSight Mission


ULA – Atlas V / InSight Mission poster.


May 5, 2018



Image above: A United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket lifts off from Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base, California, carrying NASA’s Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, or InSight, Mars lander. Liftoff was at 4:05 a.m. PDT (7:05 a.m. EDT). Photo credit: NASA.



Liftoff of InSight

Booster ignition and liftoff of the United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket at 7:05 a.m. EDT (4:05 a.m. PDT), from Space Launch Complex 3 at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California, carrying NASA’s InSight spacecraft. The rocket is on its way, carrying NASA’s Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport (InSight) to begin its six  month voyage to Mars.


InSight will be the first mission to look deep beneath the Martian surface studying the planet’s interior by measuring its heat output and listen for marsquakes. InSight will use the seismic waves generated by marsquakes to develop a map of the planet’s deep interior. The resulting insight into Mars’ formation will provide a better understanding of how other rocky planets, including Earth, were created.



Image above: This artist’s concept shows the InSight lander, its sensors, cameras and instruments. Image Credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech.


Mars Cube One Will Launch with NASA’s InSight Spacecraft


Hitching a ride with InSight is NASA’s technology experiment known as Mars Cube One (MarCO), a separate mission of its own. Designed and built by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, MarCO consists of two mini-spacecraft and will be the first test of CubeSat technology in deep space. They are designed to test new communications and navigation capabilities for future missions and may provide real-time communication relay to cover the entry, descent and landing of InSight on Mars.


After InSight has separated from the Atlas V Centaur second stage, MarCO will launch one at a time from dispensers mounted on the aft bulkhead carrier of the second stage.



Image above: An artist’s rendering of the twin Mars Cube One (MarCO) spacecraft as they fly through deep space. Image credits: NASA/JPL-Caltech.


“It’s an exciting day for NASA. The agency’s twin Mars Cube One (MarCO) mini-spacecraft have launched from dispensers mounted on the aft bulkhead carrier of the Atlas V Centaur second stage. Designed and built by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, MarCO will be the first test of CubeSat technology in deep space. They are designed to test new communications and navigation capabilities for future missions and may provide real-time communication relay to cover the entry, descent and landing of InSight on Mars”.


For more information about MarCo, visit http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/cubesat/missions/marco.php.


JPL manages InSight for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. InSight is part of NASA’s Discovery Program, managed by the agency’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. The InSight spacecraft, including cruise stage and lander, was built and tested by Lockheed Martin Space in Denver. NASA’s Launch Services Program at the agency’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida provides launch management. United Launch Alliance of Centennial, Colorado, is NASA’s launch service provider of the Atlas 5 rocket. A number of European partners, including France’s Centre National d’Études Spatiales (CNES) and the German Aerospace Center (DLR), are supporting the InSight mission.  In particular, CNES provided the Seismic Experiment for Interior Structure (SEIS) instrument, with significant contributions from the Max Planck Institute for Solar Systems Research (MPS).  DLR provided the Heat Flow and Physical Properties Package (HP3) instrument.


For more information about InSight, visit: https://mars.nasa.gov/insight/ and


InSight Mars Lander: https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/insight/main/index.html


United Launch Alliance (ULA): https://www.ulalaunch.com/


Images (mentioned),Video, Text, Credits: ULA/NASA/Bob Granath/Linda Herridge.


Greetings, Orbiter.chArchive link


https://xissufotoday.space/2018/05/atlas-v-lifts-off-carrying-insight-mission/

2018 May 5 Stickney Crater Image Credit: HiRISE, MRO, LPL (U….


2018 May 5


Stickney Crater
Image Credit: HiRISE, MRO, LPL (U. Arizona), NASA


Explanation: Stickney Crater, the largest crater on the martian moon Phobos, is named for Chloe Angeline Stickney Hall, mathematician and wife of astronomer Asaph Hall. Asaph Hall discovered both the Red Planet’s moons in 1877. Over 9 kilometers across, Stickney is nearly half the diameter of Phobos itself, so large that the impact that blasted out the crater likely came close to shattering the tiny moon. This stunning, enhanced-color image of Stickney and surroundings was recorded by the HiRISE camera onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter as it passed within some six thousand kilometers of Phobos in March of 2008. Even though the surface gravity of asteroid-like Phobos is less than 1/1000th Earth’s gravity, streaks suggest loose material slid down inside the crater walls over time. Light bluish regions near the crater’s rim could indicate a relatively freshly exposed surface. The origin of the curious grooves along the surface is mysterious but may be related to the crater-forming impact.


∞ Source: apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap180505.html


https://xissufotoday.space/2018/05/2018-may-5-stickney-crater-image-credit-hirise-mro-lpl-u/

In Ancient Athens, citizens could vote to banish any person from the city-state for 10...

In 5th century BC Athens, after the Athenians won the battle of Marathon against the Persians, the practice of ostracism began. It was a political procedure designed to curb the power of any rising tyrant without bringing any charges against him. By using this simple procedure any individual could be expelled from the city for ten years.


The term ostracism was derived from ostrakon, referring to the potsherds or pieces of broken pottery that were used as the writing surface to nominate people for expulsion. It was installed in Athens by Cleisthenes after the expulsion of Hippias in 508 BCE, but it was used for the first time in 488–487 BC for the expulsion of Hipparchus, son of Charmus and a relative of the tyrant Hippias.


Every year in January, the people of Athens were asked if they wanted to hold an ostracism. If they voted “yes” then around two months later they met again in the Agora where an ostracism would be held. Every citizen carried with him an ostrakon on which they had scratched the name of the person they wanted to be ostracized.


In the period of around two months that followed after the citizens of Athens voted to hold an ostracism, a number of public campaigns were held in order to convince the citizens to ostracize a certain person. The public campaigns included prepared ostraka that were distributed among the citizens of Athens.


Ostraca from 482 BC 

Some sources say that if 6,000 ballots were cast, the individual with the most votes was sent into exile for ten years, while others claim that in order to be ostracized the individual had to be identified in at least 6,000 votes. More than 10,000 political ostraka have been excavated in the Athenian agora and in the Ceramicus.


The ostracized person had ten days to leave the city and suffered no other penalty, but if he returned earlier the penalty was death. The ostracized person was not formally deprived of his citizen status or his property. After ten years, he was free to return without stigma.


In some cases, the assembly could recall an ostracized person ahead of time. This is how Pericles’ father Xanthippus, Aristides the Just, and Kimon returned to Athens before the 10-year period had expired.


In a period of nearly one century (508-417 BCE) we know of fewer than twenty ostracisms. The last ostracism in Athens was that of the demagogue Hyperbolos that was probably held in 416–415 BCE. The question was put to the assembly each year but the procedure of ostracism was not implemented again.


Source The Vintage News


In Ancient Rome, suicide was allowed as a form of euthanasia

Throughout history, various cultures had different attitudes toward suicide. For instance, in Victorian England suicide was a sin and a punishable crime: suicides were not allowed a proper burial and their property was confiscated by the state.


In some Asian cultures, particularly in Japan, ritual suicides were sometimes considered honorable. High-ranking officials would often commit suicide after a particularly devastating mistake, in order to die with dignity and escape public disgrace.


Ancient Greece and Rome both had pretty lenient attitudes towards suicide. Ancient Roman civilization had a somewhat progressive approach which in some way resembled euthanasia. In Rome, suicide was not considered a crime or a sin against gods, and in some cases, it was deemed justifiable and pragmatic.


The famous Roman historian Titus Livius, known as Livy, wrote, “Ab Urbe Condita Libri” (“Books from the Foundation of the City”), books that proved to be the essential insight into Roman traditions. In one of his works, Titus Livy wrote about the Roman attitude towards suicide.


If someone wished to willingly end their life within the borders of the Roman Empire, they were to apply to the Senate so that the Senate could judge whether their reasons for suicide were sound. If the reasons were considered sound, the person would be allowed to commit suicide. They would even be provided with hemlock, a highly poisonous plant, free of charge.



However, suicide was explicitly illegal for soldiers, slaves, and people accused of capital crimes. These suicides were forbidden because it was deemed they would cause damage to the state. Slaves were considered property, and their masters had to ensure that they live in favorable conditions. Still, when slaves committed suicide, there were no repercussions for their masters.



Those accused of capital crimes were forbidden to commit suicide because the state could take no legal action against their property before they were found guilty, but many prisoners did commit suicide before the trial just so that the state wouldn’t seize the property they left behind. In the 1st century AD, however, Emperor Domitian declared that prisoners who died without trial were without legal heirs.


Soldiers who committed suicide were publicly disgraced and proclaimed either traitors or deserters. This also meant that everything they left behind belonged to the Emperor. On the other hand, soldiers were encouraged to kill themselves if they were cornered by enemies on the battlefield. This form of suicide was considered honorable and patriotic because it showed that the soldiers would rather be killed than fall into the hands of their enemies.



In some cases, suicide was used as a particularly cruel form of capital punishment. Seneca, the famous stoic philosopher, was forced to commit suicide because of his alleged involvement in the conspiracy to kill Emperor Nero in 65 AD.


Although his guilt was never proven and most contemporary historians doubt that he was ever involved, Seneca obeyed the laws and killed himself by both cutting his wrists and ingesting a powerful poison.


Немецкие полицаи обыскивают дома в посиках...


  


угрожающее безумие правительства  Ксенофо́бия от греч. ξένος — чужой + φόβος — страх  страх или ненависть к кому-либо или чему-либо чужому;  восприятие чужого, как опасного и враждебного.  В 14 регионах Германии на прошлой неделе полицай из федерального управления безопасности обыскали 60 домов, при обысках искали принаки вражды по отношению к мигрантам из ближнего востока которые оккупируют ФРГ против воли граждан. Причиной обысков стали негативные посты пользователей в соц. сетях в отношении мигрантов. Чаше всего следователи исследовали компьютера пользователей, все выражали протест в отношении политики ФРГ по мигрантам. По официальной версии все пользователи состояли в закрытой группе в фейсбуке, где распространялись материалы нацистской тематики. Многие люди арестованы за антиправительственную пропаганду и оскорбления в интернете. Источник




Ксенофо́бия от греч. ξένος — чужой + φόβος — страх 


страх или ненависть к кому-либо или чему-либо чужому; 


восприятие чужого, как опасного и враждебного.


В 14 регионах Германии на прошлой неделе полицаи из федерального управления безопасности обыскали 60 домов, при обысках искали признаки вражды по отношению к мигрантам из ближнего востока, которые оккупируют ФРГ против воли граждан.

Причиной обысков стали негативные посты пользователей в соц. сетях в отношении мигрантов.

Чаще всего следователи исследовали компьютера пользователей, кто выражал протест в отношении политики ФРГ по мигрантам.

По официальной версии все пользователи состояли в закрытой группе в фейсбуке.

Многие люди арестованы за антиправительственную пропаганду и оскорбления в интернете.

Источник


Unfinished obelisk in Aswan (Egypt)


The largest known Egyptian obelisk is called the “unfinished obelisk”, which today can be found exactly where it was once semi-carved from the solid bedrock. This stone block was intended to be a 120ft / 36m tall obelisk. It is estimated that a block of granite this size would easily weigh more than a 1000 tons, some geologists have suggested a figure in the region of 1100 tons – 1150 tons.



 


Source Museum of Artifacts


thesilicontribesman: Castlerigg Stone Circle, 15.1.17. It was…










thesilicontribesman:



Castlerigg Stone Circle, 15.1.17. It was unusual to see this popular stone circle devoid of tourists. The impressive location of the circle is even more atmospheric when you stand alone amongst the stones.



Aqueduct of Father Tembleque. Mexico




foto: Ted McGrath

It is the most important hydraulic engineering work built during the viceroyalty of New Spain in the American continent that had the purpose of conducting water to the villages of Otompan, present Otumba and the Congregation of All Saints currently Zempoala, as well as to other populations Located in its path. The work was planned and directed by a Franciscan friar named Francisco de Tembleque, a native of the province of Toledo, Spain, who arrived in New Spain in 1542 to the town of Otumba, where motivated by the scarcity of water in the region and by The hoarding that existed on the part of the Spanish settlers decides to initiate a work in charge of taking the vital liquid to the natives of this population next to all those that were in the passage. The work has a total length of 48 kilometers, 38 from its source in the skirts of the slopes of the volcano El Tecajete to Otumba, and a bifurcation of 10 kilometers that provided water to the towns of Zacuala and Zempoala.



  foto: Ted McGrath



foto: Ted McGrath



foto: Ted McGrath



  foto: Ted McGrath



      foto: Ted McGrath


Source World Heritage


Pillar 56 in Enclosure H. Gobekli Tepe. (Photos & drawing:…


Pillar 56 in Enclosure H. Gobekli Tepe. (Photos & drawing: N. Becker, DAI)


Древний город Серра Орриус на острове Сардиния...


Serra Orrios город культуры Nuragic возрастом 4000 лет, 


один из древнейших античного мира на острове Сардиния.


Serra Orrios город культуры Nuragic возрастом 4000 лет,  один из древнейших античного мира на острове Сардиния.




Serra Orrios город культуры Nuragic возрастом 4000 лет,  один из древнейших античного мира на острове Сардиния.











От города остались лишь стены, 


в которых можно увидеть очертания хижин и центральных зданий. 


Лучший вид на город открывается с высоты птичьего полёта.




От города остались лишь стены,  в которых можно увидеть очертания хижин и центральных зданий.  Лучший вид на город открывается с высоты птичьего полёта.




Раскопан с 1936 по 1938 археологом Doro Levi. 


Затем частично отреставрирован в 1961 под руководством Guglielmo Maetzke




 Раскопан с 1936 по 1938 археологом Doro Levi.  Затем частично отреставрирован в 1961 под руководством Guglielmo Maetzke



 Раскопан с 1936 по 1938 археологом Doro Levi.  Затем частично отреставрирован в 1961 под руководством Guglielmo Maetzke




В окрестностях находятся захоронения и склепы, 


многие уходят основанием под земли с коридорами и комнатами.




 Раскопан с 1936 по 1938 археологом Doro Levi.  Затем частично отреставрирован в 1961 под руководством Guglielmo Maetzke



Статус_состояние гробниц, разграблены.




Статус_состояние гробниц, разграблены.  Самый невероятный вид на город открывается в высоты птичьего полёта, можно долго угадывать разные символы в архитектуре города.






Самый невероятный вид на город открывается в высоты птичьего полёта, можно долго угадывать разные символы в архитектуре города.










Две панорамы этого города, доступны для виртуальной реальности. Ссылка первая и вторая.




Две панорамы этого города, доступны для виртуальной реальности. Ссылка первая и вторая.








На поверхности находятся сооружения, похожие на дольмены, все они разрушены.


 В отличии от большинства дольменов, собраны из плотно состыкованных кирпичных блоков с идеально симметричными формами.





На поверхности находятся сооружения, похожие на дольмены, все они разрушены.  В отличии от большинства дольменов, собраны из плотно состыкованных кирпичных блоков с идеально симметричными формами.









Изначально внутренние камеры таких сооружений имели около 5 метров в длину и метра в ширину, из за этого местные жители назвали сооружение гробницами гигантов. 


Так же из за того, что многие собраны из очень массивных сложных каменных блоков, 


но даже для людей ростом 5 метров, такие камни были бы слишком тяжелыми.



 Изначально внутренние камеры таких сооружений имели около 5 метров в длину и метра в ширину, из за этого местные жители назвали сооружение гробницами гигантов.  Так же из за того, что многие собраны из очень массивных сложных каменных блоков,  но даже для людей ростом 5 метров, такие камни были бы слишком тяжелыми.







 В некоторые камеры имеется входное отверстие снаружи. 



 В некоторые такие камеры было входное отверстие снаружи.  Предназначение каменных камер имело техническо энергетическую направленность.  Для захоронений людей такие мегалиты, в Евро-Азии не возводили.





Предназначение каменных камер имело техническо энергетическую направленность.











Для захоронений людей такие мегалиты, в Евро-Азии не возводили.









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