понедельник, 9 апреля 2018 г.

First human migration out of Africa more geographically widespread than previously...

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A project led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History has discovered a fossilized finger bone of an early modern human in the Nefud Desert of Saudi Arabia, dating to approximately 90,000 years ago. The discovery, described in Nature Ecology and Evolution, is the oldest directly dated Homo sapiens fossil outside of Africa and the Levant and indicates that early dispersals into Eurasia were more expansive than previously thought.


Researchers conducting archaeological fieldwork in the Nefud Desert of Saudi Arabia have discovered a fossilized finger bone of an early member of our species, Homo sapiens. The discovery is the oldest directly dated Homo sapiens fossil outside of Africa and the immediately adjacent Levant, and indicates that early dispersals into Eurasia were more expansive than previously thought. Prior to this discovery, it was thought that early dispersals into Eurasia were unsuccessful and remained restricted to the Mediterranean forests of the Levant, on the doorstep of Africa. The finding from the Al Wusta site shows that there were both multiple dispersals out of Africa, and these spread further than previously known. Read more.


BOOK REVIEW: Uncovering the Culture of Ancient Greece by Alix…



BOOK REVIEW: Uncovering the Culture of Ancient Greece by Alix Wood 



UNCOVERING the Culture of Ancient Greece by Alix Wood is a part of the Archaeology and Ancient Cultures series. It is designed for younger children aiming to pique their interest in and educate them about ancient cultures. The book is laid out with a 2-page spread that details a city, people, or topic in ancient Greek history including Knossos, Mycenae, the Valley of the Temples, the Acropolis, etc. It provides a short description of the topic with pictures of artifacts, ruins, art, and people


The book is laid out in 2-page spreads that detail a city, people, or topic in ancient Greek history. Among the people it introduces the reader to are: the villages of Sesklo and Dimini, the Minoans via the city at Knossos, Mycenae, and the Lefkandi. It discusses various monuments in ancient Greek history including: the Home of the Olympics, the Valley of the Temples, the Oracle at Delphi, and the Royal Tombs. On each page is a small map labeling where the information takes place within Greece. Each section describes how it was found and the people that found it. Because it is aimed at children, there are pictures of the places and monuments that are described. The color and vibrancy of the illustrations are effective tools in recreating the setting and people of ancient Greece. Within the descriptions are words in bold that are included in an extremely helpful glossary at the back of the book.


Read More 


A Tour of our Moon

Want to go to the Moon? 


Let our Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter take you there!


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Our lunar orbiter, also known as LRO, has been collecting data on lunar topography, temperature, resources, solar radiation, and geology since it launched nine years ago. Our latest collection of this data is now in 4K resolution. This updated “Tour of the Moon” takes you on a virtual tour of our nearest neighbor in space, with new science updates from the vastly expanded data trove.


Orientale Basin


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First stop, Orientale Basin located on the rim of the western nearside. It’s about the size of Texas and is the best-preserved impact structure on the Moon. Topography data from LRO combined with gravity measurements from our twin GRAIL spacecraft reveal the structure below the surface and help us understand the geologic consequences of large impacts.


South-Pole and Shackleton Crater


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Unlike Earth, the Moon’s axis is barely tilted relative to the Sun. This means that there are craters at the poles where the sunlight never reaches, called permanently shadowed regions. As a result, the Moon’s South Pole has some of the coldest measured places in the solar system. How cold? -410 degrees F.


Because these craters are so cold and dark, water that happens to find its way into them never has the opportunity to evaporate. Several of the instruments on LRO have found evidence of water ice, which you can see in the highlighted spots in this visualization.


South-Pole Aitken Basin


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South Pole-Aitken Basin is the Moon’s largest, deepest and oldest observed impact structure. Its diameter is about 2,200 km or 1,367 miles across and takes up ¼ of the Moon! If there was a flat, straight road and you were driving 60 mph, it would take you about 22 hours to drive across. And the basin is so deep that nearly two Mount Everests stacked on each other would fit from the bottom of the basin to the rim. South-Pole Aitken Basin is a top choice for a landing site on the far side of the Moon.


Tycho Crater


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Now let’s go to the near side. Tycho Crater is 100 million years young. Yes, that’s young in geologic time. The central peak of the impact crater likely formed from material that rebounded back up after being compressed in the impact, almost like a spring. Check out that boulder on top. It looks small in this image, but it could fill a baseball stadium.


Aristarchus Plateau


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Also prominent on the nearside is the Aristarchus Plateau. It features a crater so bright that you could see it with your naked eye from Earth! The Aristarchus Plateau is particularly interesting to our scientists because it reveals much of the Moon’s volcanic history. The region is covered in rocks from volcanic eruptions and the large river-like structure is actually a channel made from a long-ago lava flow.


Apollo 17 Landing Site



As much as we study the Moon looking for sites to visit, we also look back at places we’ve already been. This is because the new data that LRO is gathering helps us reinterpret the geology of familiar places, giving scientists a better understanding of the sequence of events in early lunar history.


Here, we descend to the Apollo 17 landing site in the Taurus-Littrow valley, which is deeper than the Grand Canyon. The LRO camera is even able to capture a view of the bottom half of the Apollo 17 Lunar Lander, which still sits on the surface, as well as the rover vehicle. These images help preserve our accomplishment of human exploration on the Moon’s surface.


North Pole


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Finally, we reach the North Pole. Like the South Pole, there are areas that are in permanent shadow and others that bask in nearly perpetual light. LRO scientists have taken detailed brightness and terrain measurements of the North Pole in order to model these areas of sunlight and shadow through time.  Sunlit peaks and crater rims here may be ideal locations for generating solar power for future expeditions to the Moon.


LRO was designed as a one-year mission. Now in its ninth year, the spacecraft and the data emphasize the power of long-term data collection. Thanks to its many orbits around the Moon, we have been able to expand on lunar science from the Apollo missions while paving the way for future lunar exploration. And as the mission continues to gather data, it will provide us with many more opportunities to take a tour of our Moon. 


And HERE’s the full “Tour of the Moon” video:



We hope you enjoyed the tour. If you’d like to explore the moon further, please visit moon.nasa.gov and moontrek.jpl.nasa.gov.


Make sure to follow @NASAMoon on Twitter for the latest lunar updates and photos.


Make sure to follow us on Tumblr for your regular dose of space: http://nasa.tumblr.com


Круги на поле 8 июля 2016 Англия


Возможно этот круг создан человеком, наблюдаются некие не ровности в рисунке и в кладке стеблей.


Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien



Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien




Местоположение


Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire.





Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien



Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien



Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien




Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien








Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien



Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien



Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien



Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien



Stanton Bridge, nr Alton Barnes Wiltshire. Reported 8th July possible fake crop circle non alien














Наше мнение




Что из себя представляют круги на полях, 


и кто их рисует, 


смотрите в наших фильмах.





Древние Пришельцы Франции. 


Тайна кругов на полях
















Телепорт, 


информеры “НЛО”, 


круги на полях в Адыгее, Россия.
















Телепорты Мегалиты Крыма. 


Русское достояние. 


Круги на полях Тартарии




Россия Крым.


Здесь можно найти сооружения,


которые как мы канал ТАМ тайны мира видим,


 служат накопителями энергии фаш и телепортами.














Создатели мысли и фильма Рассим и Татьяна Мигуновы




ТАМ Тайны прошлого





Фильм расследование


 Древние пришельцы Франция, 


кто рисует круги на полях







Расшифровка рисунка кругов на полях 25 июля 2015 


Масоны


 Боги власти сумервы
















Круги на полях в Тольятти 21.07.2015 фото видео съёмки 22 июля












Myth or reality: “levitating and floating in the air stones”

Myth or reality: “levitating and floating in the air stones”




The history and myths of many nations, and tell the stones that fly through the air.

It would have remained a myth, if not hundreds, of witnesses and dozens of photo and video evidence from around the world.



The most recent cases confirmed by photos and videos over the past decade have occurred in different parts of the Asian continent and the Pacific Islands.

In Europe, the same have been fixed by me personally moving huge stones weighing several tons, high in the mountains on the megalithic complexes.

Here are photos of the evidence a witness from China, he once saw a huge stone soaring over the forest, he had his photograph in the photo.







Other witnesses – are residents and tourists of different islands of Asia, such as Japan or the Philippines, they were able to remove the video flying, lifts off small stones.

Flying rocks and levitation without comprehensible reasons to science subjects is no longer a fantasy but a reality.

The video, which will turn Your ideas about the world, the best evidence of all.
Filmed in Japan




Other videos, location is not defined.












May 24, 2016: Dodge City Tornado Outbreak




This was a close call for Dodge City, KS as several several strong tornadoes occurred just out side of town.


ExoMars poised to start science mission


ESA & ROSCOSMOS – ExoMars Mission patch.


9 April 2018


The ExoMars orbiter will soon begin its search for gases that may be linked to active geological or biological activity on the Red Planet.



Trace Gas Orbiter at Mars

The Trace Gas Orbiter has reached its final orbit after a year of ‘aerobraking’ that ended in February. This exciting operation saw the craft skimming through the very top of the upper atmosphere, using drag on its solar wings to transform its initial highly elliptical four-day orbit of about 200 x 98 000 km into the final, much lower and near-circular path at about 400 km.


It is now circling Mars every two hours and, after calibration and installation of new software, it will begin routine scientific observations.


“This is a major milestone for our ExoMars programme, and a fantastic achievement for Europe,” says Pia Mitschdoerfer, Trace Gas Orbiter mission manager.


“We have reached this orbit for the first time through aerobraking and with the heaviest orbiter ever sent to the Red Planet, ready to start searching for signs of life from orbit.”



Aerobraking completed

“We will start our science mission in just a couple of weeks and are extremely excited about what the first measurements will reveal,” says Håkan Svedhem, the orbiter’s project scientist.


“We have the sensitivity to detect rare gases in minute proportions, with the potential to discover if Mars is still active today – biologically or geologically speaking.”


The primary goal is to take a detailed inventory of trace gases – those that make up less than 1% of the total volume of the planet’s atmosphere. In particular, the orbiter will seek evidence of methane and other gases that could be signatures of active biological or geological activity.



How to create and destroy methane on Mars

On Earth, living organisms release much of the planet’s methane. It is also the main component of naturally occurring hydrocarbon gas reservoirs, and a contribution is also provided by volcanic and hydrothermal activity.


Methane on Mars is expected to have a rather short lifetime – around 400 years – because it is broken down by ultraviolet light from the Sun. It also reacts with other species in the atmosphere, and is subject to mixing and dispersal by winds. That means, if it is detected today, it was likely created or released from an ancient reservoir relatively recently.


Previous possible detections of methane by ESA’s Mars Express and more recently by NASA’s Curiosity rover have been hinted at, but are still the subject of much debate.


The Trace Gas Orbiter can detect and analyse methane and other trace gases even in extremely low concentrations, with an improved accuracy of three orders of magnitude over previous measurements. It will also be able to help distinguish between the different possible origins.



How ExoMars detects buried ice

The four instruments will make complementary measurements of the atmosphere, surface and subsurface. Its camera will help to characterise features on the surface that may be related to trace-gases sources.


Its instruments will also look for water-ice hidden just below the surface, which along with potential trace gas sources could guide the choice for future mission landing sites.


It will also soon start providing communication relay for NASA’s Opportunity and Curiosity rovers, ahead of the arrival of NASA’s InSight lander later this year, and for the ExoMars rover and surface science platform in March 2021.


Preliminary relay tests with NASA’s rovers were conducted in November 2016, shortly after the orbiter’s arrival at Mars. Eventually, it will provide multiple data relay connections each week.


The ExoMars programme is a joint endeavour between ESA and Roscosmos.


Related links:


ExoMars: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/ExoMars


Robotic exploration of Mars: http://exploration.esa.int/


Roscosmos: http://en.federalspace.ru/


ExoMars at IKI: http://exomars.cosmos.ru/


Thales Alenia Space: https://www.thalesgroup.com/en/worldwide/space/space


NASA In 2016 ExoMars orbiter (Electra radio): http://mars.nasa.gov/programmissions/missions/future/exomarsorbiter2016/


Where on Mars?: http://whereonmars.co/


Images, Video, Text, Credits: ESA/Markus Bauer/Håkan Svedhem/Pia Mitschdoerfer/ATG medialab.


Greetings, Orbiter.chArchive link


ancientarthistory: King Kanishka – Southeast Asian/Buddhist 320…


ancientarthistory:



King Kanishka – Southeast Asian/Buddhist


320 BCE – 500 CE



This is made of red sandstone, a popular medium for Southeastern Asia. The statue as it is, stands 5 ft. 4 in. tall and if the head was still attached it would have made the statue life-sized. Historians know that someone purposefully destroyed the head because the breaking point is too clean and sharp for it to have broken off naturally. Someone who was not fond of the king must have chopped it off. 


King Kanishka was the man who conquered India and started the Kushan empire. He set up a palace in Mathura, India, an important place for Buddhist art. The statue is a depiction of him; however it is not a friendly portrayal of the king. Instead, the statue was meant to show his power in every way possible. This is a portrait of a king who has conquered foreign land and made it his own. It is clear that he was not native to India because of his apparel. The clothing on him was native to Afghanistan during that time.


Today, historians are not sure if the statue still exists as it was taken by the Taliban and hasn’t been seen since. 




Source link


Thermoelectric nanodevice based on Majorana fermions is…


Thermoelectric nanodevice based on Majorana fermions is proposed


A particle that is its own anti-particle is the subject of a theoretical study by Brazilian researchers with results published in Scientific Reports.



In March 1938, the young Italian physicist Ettore Majorana disappeared mysteriously, leaving his country’s scientific community shaken. The episode remains unexplained, despite Leonardo Scascia’s attempt to unravel the enigma in his book The Disappearance of Majorana (1975).


Majorana, whom Enrico Fermi called a genius of Isaac Newton’s stature, vanished a year after making his main contribution to science. In 1937, when he was only 30, Majorana hypothesized a particle that is its own anti-particle and suggested that it might be the neutrino, whose existence had recently been predicted by Fermi and Wolfgang Pauli.


Eight decades later, Majorana fermions, or simply majoranas, are among the objects most studied by physicists. In addition to neutrinos – whose nature, whether or not they are majoranas, is one of the investigative goals of the mega-experiment Dune – another class not of fundamental particles but of quasi-particles or apparent particles has been investigated in the field of condensed matter. These Majorana quasi-particles can emerge as excitations in topological superconductors.


A new study by PhD student Luciano Henrique Siliano Ricco with a scholarship from the São Paulo Research Foundation – FAPESP, in collaboration with his supervisor Antonio Carlos Ferreira Seridonio and others, was conducted on the Ilha Solteira campus of São Paulo State University (UNESP) in Brazil and described in an article in Scientific Reports.



Read more.


Archive link


Nether Largie Standing Stones, Kilmartin Glen, Argyll, Scotland,…









Nether Largie Standing Stones, Kilmartin Glen, Argyll, Scotland, 1.4.18.


The Nether Largie Standing Stones are some of the most impressive in the area and their layout is potentially the most complex and beguiling. Perhaps a complex stone row or celestially aligned route? 


Source link


UFO at Laguna Hills, California, USA

Location: Laguna Hills, CA, US

Date 7 July 2016


UFO orb at California alien ET 2016 USA


Long Description of Sighting Report

While submitting a MUFON report for another event my wife called to me outside. I ran outside and she told me to look up towards sky. Almost immediately I noticed a red/white object moving from west to east.


I run back inside grabbing my Sony 8mm night vision camcorder. I return outside and start taping. It takes me a little while to get the object in focus but eventually I do. I converted the 8mm tape to digital format.


There are absolutely no navigation lights. It’s just a solid red/white color moving at a constant speed. Eventually, I lost sight of the object and returned inside to check the Heaven-above.com satellite database and the applicable app on my mobile phone. I could not identify any satellite that had travelled from west to east during this timeframe.




Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.



Explanation of Crop Circles and Ancient Aliens


Explanation of crop circles, ancient aliens, history of the Masons and the Knights Templar


Watch in this film



In this film, we will tell about the found artifacts of the south of France, related to aliens, as we call them Sumerians.



Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.











Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.


Crop Circles UK, Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016.

Location: Stonehenge, Nearr Amesbury, Wiltshire, UK





Aerial footage of a crop circle at Stonehenge, Wiltshire. Reported 8th July 2016. This intricate crop circle is just opposite Stonehenge and marks the 20th anniversary of the famous ‘Julia Set’ formation that appeared on 7th July 1996 in the same field. Filmed with a Dji Phantom 4



Tom Keegan posts us his UFO video sighting taken near the crop circle at Stonehenge, Wiltshire, UK, with his covering comment – ‘I saw a light on the horizon moving up and then looping back down behind the tree line. Ran to along the edge of the field and up onto a track to get a better view (hence me being out of breath, sorry about that!). You then see the light move from right to left along the horizon, change direction and go out of sight as it changes colour. Then what seems to be a cluster of light moves back up and then decends back to the horizon. Having loaded the video onto my computer, using an image stabliser and cropping into the shot, it seems to fall like it’s on fire? Couldn’t really tell this originally by eye. I then thought I might have caught a plane crash on camera but see no news of this taking place at this time. And that dosent explain the odd movement of the light to start off with. Footage is taken from the south side of the field in which the crop circle is located, looking southwest…’




UFOs last night8 July 2016 at Longleat, Warminster, Wiltshire








From source

Whilst out filming yet another crop circle in Wiltshire, I spotted something odd on the horizon. A light could be seen moving up and then looping back down behind the tree line. I ran to along the edge of the field I was in and up onto a track to get a better view, which is when I started filming. You can see the light move from right to left along the horizon, change direction and go out of sight as it changes colour. Then what seems to be a cluster of light moves back up and then decends back to the horizon. Having used an image stabliser and cropped into the shot, it seems to fall like it’s on fire? Couldn’t really tell this originally by eye. I thought I might have caught a plane crash on camera after noticing this, but see no news of this taking place at the time, and it dosent explain the odd movement of the light initially. Footage is taken from a field to the south of Stonehenge, looking west south west.





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