пятница, 4 мая 2018 г.

Zawyet El Aryan a city in Lower Egypt

A city in Lower Egypt, is located between the Giza and Abusir. Since 1960, most of the territory Zawyet El Aryan was assigned to the needs of the military base. Free access to the pyramids has been limited since 1964. The excavations are prohibited in the area. On the territory of the necropolis located military buildings and on-site Unfinished pyramid organized landfill. The condition of the burial complexes at the moment unknown.

Map showing the pyramid visible from the satellite.

To the west of the city, in the desert area is the necropolis of the same name. In Zaviet El Eryani are two pyramidal complex (Layer Pyramid and Pyramid Unterminated). as well as five mastabas.

Coordinate and map

Layer Pyramid was built during the III Dynasty, quite possibly during the reign of Hubs. The pyramid was supposed to be a step, maybe five or seven steps. Fragments lining were found that may indicate that the pyramid was never finished.

Location of underground chambers is the same as that of the Buried Pyramid. The corridor leading to the interior side has 32 chambers for the storage of funeral accessories.

Ancient stone Technical chamber of the sarcophagus
Sarcophagus inside, found empty during excavations.


Unterminated pyramid, also called the North Pyramid, Pharaoh whose name could not be identified. Pyramid in a dilapidated state. The only thing left of it is a square base with a core on which the pyramid was built should be. Near the trench was found chopped sarcophagus of pink granite, which could be made at an earlier or later period. Scientists have suspected the existence of underground chambers, but the excavation is not possible because this territory is part of a military base.

Video from the Egyptian archaeologist who shows these structures inside.


The area of Zawyet El Aryan is surrounded by a total of five cemeteries dating to the 1st Dynasty, 2nd Dynasty, late 3rd Dynasty, 18th Dynasty and Roman Period. Of these cemeteries, only the one dating to the late 3rd Dynasty contains large tombs, of which are four mud brick mastabas. Reisner and Fisher observed that this is to be expected of the necropolis surrounding the pyramid of a pharaoh, the large tombs being those of the royal family and court officials. In particular, around 200 metres (660 ft) north of the layer pyramid is a huge mastaba, today known as Mastaba Z500, which yielded eight marble bowls inscribed with the serekh of king Khaba. Reisner and Fisher therefore conclude that “if the mastabas belong to people connected with the king who built the pyramid, it is probable that the king’s name was Khaba”. This opinion is shared by most egyptologists who attribute the layer pyramid to Khaba.

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