воскресенье, 18 марта 2018 г.

PEOPLE OF THE ANCIENT WORLD: Mavia (Warrior-Queen of the…

PEOPLE OF THE ANCIENT WORLD: Mavia (Warrior-Queen of the Tanukhid Arab tribe of Syria and Jordan) 

MAVIA (r. c. 375-c. 425 CE) was a warrior-queen of the semi-nomadic Tanukhid Arab tribe of Syria and Jordan who led a successful insurrection against Rome in 378 CE. She is also known as Maowiva, Mu`awiya, Mauia, Mania, and Mawiyya. Her control of southern Syria into Jordan seems certain but how far she extended that control beyond is contested. She rose to power after the death of her husband (whose identity is unknown) described as either a “king” or “phylarch” (meaning “ruler of a tribe”), and is only known through her rebellion against Rome in which she emerged triumphant and was able to dictate terms.

Although she is referred to as “Queen of Syria”, this designation is not accurate. Mavia never ruled Syria itself but led a coalition of Arab tribes in that region. The causes of her revolt are unknown but may have had something to do with Rome’s demand for men from her lands as auxiliaries in their army.

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