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четверг, 22 марта 2018 г.

ahencyclopedia: PLACES IN THE ANCIENT WORLD: Tushpa…



ahencyclopedia:




PLACES IN THE ANCIENT WORLD: Tushpa (Armenia) 



TUSHPA, later known as Van, was the capital of the Urartu kingdom of ancient Armenia, eastern Turkey, and western Iran from the 9th to 6th century BCE. Located on the eastern shore of Lake Van in modern Turkey, the city was a fortress site which was reused as a provincial capital under the Achaemenian Empire and then, once again, made the capital of the Artsruni kingdom during the medieval period. Tushpa/Van is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the region.


Tushpa was founded by king Sarduri I (r. c. 835 – 825 BCE) around 830 BCE to function as the capital of the Urartu civilization, a loose confederation of kingdoms which covered territories in Eurasia from the Euphrates River to Lake Urmia and territory north of the Taurus Mountains.


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