понедельник, 9 октября 2017 г.



Stirrup Spout Bottle; Kneeling Figure

Stirrup Spout Bottle; Kneeling Figure

met-robert-lehman: Orphrey section made into cushion, Robert…


Orphrey section made into cushion, Robert Lehman Collection

Medium: silk, linen, metal

Robert Lehman Collection, 1975

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


Dagger (Katar) with Sheath, Arms and ArmorMedium: Iron, gold,…

Dagger (Katar) with Sheath, Arms and Armor

Medium: Iron, gold, steel, diamond, velvet, wood

Bequest of George C. Stone, 1935

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


met-european-sculpture: Seal-top spoon by Robert Beckwith,…


Seal-top spoon by Robert Beckwith, European Sculpture and Decorative Arts

Medium: Silver

Rogers Fund, 1913

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


Pair of Pistol Holsters, Arms and ArmorMedium: Velvet, metallic…

Pair of Pistol Holsters, Arms and Armor

Medium: Velvet, metallic thread, leather

Gift of George Henry Warren, 1951

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


Problems with Patreon

Sorry to post details here, but I have been having some issues with the Patreon service which I cannot pass details to backers.

Essentially, Patreon backers could not access posts on my Patreon profile, and no pledges have been processed at the start of this new month. There hasn’t been feedback from Patreon support and it looks like several new Patreon accounts have had the same issue as well (according to this sub Reddit here).

I have no idea why this is the case and there maybe some good reason but I can only speculate as to why (is it because the account is new? Is it because the 1st of the month was on a Sunday? Who knows …) Ultimately, I can’t utilize Patreon for the supporters at the moment and I don’t know what to do other than apologies to the backers … I don’t have a clue when the issues are going to be fixed.

Ablutions Basin of Yemeni Sultan al-Mujahid Sayf al-Din…

Ablutions Basin of Yemeni Sultan al-Mujahid Sayf al-Din ‘Ali, Islamic Art

Medium: Brass; engraved and inlaid with silver and black compound

Edward C. Moore Collection, Bequest of Edward C. Moore, 1891

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


Changbai Mountain caldera on the border between North Korea and…

A post shared by @sophiebernie on

Changbai Mountain caldera on the border between North Korea and China

Sunrise on Haleakala Volcano (camera shaking from winds)

A post shared by Laura E. Healy (@lehdesign) on

Sunrise on Haleakala Volcano (camera shaking from winds)

geologyrocksandmineralsThese Big ol’ chunks of glitter are…

geologyrocksandmineralsThese Big ol’ chunks of glitter are called specular hematite. This mineral can have a multitude of different forms, including this sparkly goodness!😎

Luwian hieroglyphic inscription sheds light on the end of the Bronze Age

An interdisciplinary team of Swiss and Dutch archaeologists today announced the rediscovery of a 29-meter-long Luwian hieroglyphic inscription that describes the events at the end of the Bronze Age in the Eastern Mediterranean. One of the greatest puzzles of Mediterranean archeology can thus be plausibly solved.

Luwian hieroglyphic inscription sheds light on the end of the Bronze Age
The Luwian hieroglyphic inscription found in Beyköy in 1878 is 29 meters long. In the text, the Great King of Mira 
speaks of his conquests in Central Asia Minor, Syria and Palestine at around 1190–1180 BC 
[Credit: Luwian Studies]

The 35-cm tall limestone frieze was found back in 1878 in the village of Beyköy, approximately 34 kilometers north of Afyonkarahisar in modern Turkey. It bears the longest known hieroglyphic inscription from the Bronze Age. Soon after local peasants retrieved the stones from the ground, the French archeologist Georges Perrot was able to carefully copy the inscription. However, the villagers subsequently used the stones as building material for the foundation of their mosque.

From about 1950 onwards, Luwian hieroglyphs could be read. At the time, a Turkish/US-American team of experts was established to translate this and other inscriptions that during the 19th century had made their way into the collections of the Ottoman Empire. However, the publication was delayed again and again. Ultimately, around 1985, all the researchers involved in the project had died. Copies of these inscriptions resurfaced recently in the estate of the English prehistorian James Mellaart, who died in 2012. In June 2017, Mellaart’s son Alan handed over this part of the legacy to the Swiss geoarcheologist Dr. Eberhard Zangger, president of the Luwian Studies foundation, to edit and publish the material in due course.

The academic publication of the inscription will appear in December 2017 in the Proceedings of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society – TALANTA. Among other things, Zangger and the Dutch linguist and expert in Luwian language and script, Dr. Fred Woudhuizen, will present a transcription, a translation, a detailed commentary, and the remarkable research history of the find.

The inscription and a summary of its contents also appear in a book by Eberhard Zangger that is being published in Germany today: Die Luwier und der Trojanische Krieg – Eine Forschungsgeschichte. According to Zangger, the inscription was commissioned by Kupanta-Kurunta, the Great King of Mira, a Late Bronze Age state in western Asia Minor. When Kupanta-Kurunta had reinforced his realm, just before 1190 BC, he ordered his armies to storm toward the east against the vassal states of the Hittites. After successful conquests on land, the united forces of western Asia Minor also formed a fleet and invaded a number of coastal cities (whose names are given) in the south and southeast of Asia Minor, as well as in Syria and Palestine. Four great princes commanded the naval forces, among them Muksus from the Troad, the region of ancient Troy. The Luwians from western Asia Minor advanced all the way to the borders of Egypt, and even built a fortress at Ashkelon in southern Palestine.

According to this inscription, the Luwians from western Asia Minor contributed decisively to the so-called Sea Peoples’ invasions – and thus to the end of the Bronze Age in the eastern Mediterranean.

Source: Luwian Studies [October 08, 2017]


Ancient sites in northern Cyprus ‘at risk’

Ongoing efforts to unearth and preserve cultural treasures in the north of Cyprus remain the victim of the Department of Antiquities’ refusal to pursue collaboration until there is a solution to the Cyprus problem, the Science journal reported this week.

Ancient sites in northern Cyprus ‘at risk’
Muge Sevketoglu in front of a Neolithic reconstruction she and her team built for public awareness 
[Credit: Cyprus Mail]

On Wednesday, a report published in the prestigious journal presented the ongoing work of Dr Muge Sevketoglu, a Turkish Cypriot archaeologist who has dug up evidence of a settlement of farmers in Akanthou dating back more than 10,000 years – “among the earliest on this island” or, indeed, “anywhere”, the journal reported.

It is quite a big deal, but not bigger, apparently, than the Department of Antiquities’ firm insistence that any and all archaeological digging in the north is illegal.

“The Department of Antiquities in the south forbids excavation in the north, and condemns journals or meetings that present research on northern sites,” the Science report said.

Resisting any trend toward normalising the political situation in the north, the department won’t approve excavations there unless they are “strictly required to safeguard, record or preserve cultural property”, it added.

“We do not feel that the on-going excavations [at Akanthou] reflect any of the above categories,” director of antiquities Marina Solomidou-Ieronymidou said in a statement to Science. She says research excavations should only resume when the island is politically reunited.

Meanwhile, Cyprus’ cultural heritage in the north faces mortal perils. Development projects and the Turkish army have damaged several monuments before or even after they were designated as such, while still-uncovered prehistoric settlements, according to Sevketoglu, are at very real risk of being consigned to oblivion.

In its own mission statement, the Antiquities Department lists the “management of the archaeological heritage of Cyprus” as its key responsibility, with main areas of activity being “systematic and rescue excavations”, as well as the “conservation, restoration, protection and promotion of ancient monuments, archaeological sites and of monuments of architectural heritage”.

Ancient sites in northern Cyprus ‘at risk’
Turkish Cypriot students under training recovering a burial site 
[Credit: Cyprus Mail]

To the layman’s eyes, this may seem like a mandate to dig anywhere Cypriot cultural heritage might be found, and then conserve, restore, protect and promote what has been unearthed.

“Any excavation conducted in the occupied areas is illegal,” Solomidou-Ieronymidou replied flatly to the Sunday Mail’s questions on the possibility of engaging in archaeological activity in the north.

“There is no way to hold excavations in the Turkish-held areas legally. The only way for excavations to be legal in the territory of the Republic of Cyprus is with permission from the head of the Antiquities Department.”

Solomidou-Ieronymidou referred to “the Hague Convention and other international treaties”, which she argued make any digging in the occupied areas illegal.

“The only way to have legal excavations in the Turkish-held part is after the solution of the Cyprus problem,” she repeated.

But in the vortex of complexity that is the Cyprus problem few things are this straight-forward. Indeed, according to one individual familiar with the issue, who requested to remain anonymous, the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, which Cyprus ratified in 1964 and Turkey a year later, allows for co-operation under certain conditions.

According to the rules, “any High Contracting Party in occupation of the whole or part of the territory of another High Contracting Party shall as far as possible support the competent national authorities of the occupied country in safeguarding and preserving its cultural property”.

“Not only have [the Department of Antiquities] not pursued such co-operation, but you know what our Republic is like – you know, that rigid insistence on the letter of the law that not only creates insurmountable obstacles but actually makes things worse,” the Sunday Mail’s source said.

Ancient sites in northern Cyprus ‘at risk’
The oldest dates for archaeological sites show that some of the world’s first farmers once traded tools and artifacts
 across Cyprus more than 10,000 years before present (B.P.). But since 1974, a political rift has limited
 archaeological exploration in northern Cyprus [Credit: G. Grullon/Science]

According to Science, options include expanding the mandate of the bicommunal Technical Committee on Cultural Heritage. This EU and UN-funded committee has overseen the renovation of historic churches, mosques and other cultural monuments on both sides of the divide, the Othello’s Tower in Famagusta in particular.

Its mandate currently includes only immovable cultural heritage but could be expanded “to include archaeological sites, and encouraging observational studies in the north without changing existing policies”, the journal said.

“I am not a government official, nor do I desire such a position – I am a scientist voicing out the situation and raising the flag, as I look back on my experiences and the near-future dangers: irreparable destruction and loss of heritage,” Sevketoglu told the Sunday Mail.

“I have my ideas of how collaboration can work under the umbrella of an international committee of selected people who worked or are working in Cyprus. Many archaeological sites in the south are ironically excavated by foreign teams – French, American and British – but they are barred from helping at rescue works in the north.”

It is not entirely unironic that, among the accomplishments she is most proud of in her career, Sevketoglu lists the staffing of pretty much all of the Turkish Cypriot archaeology staff working on the Committee of Missing Persons (CMP) – the very model for bicommunal co-operation in the service of a higher purpose.

“We used the opportunity of the rescue excavation at Akanthou from 1999 to 2005 to train Turkish Cypriot archaeology students,” she said.

“Ninety-five per cent of the Turkish Cypriot archaeologists working on the CMP were trained at Akanthou rescue excavations. The CMP’s work – Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots exhuming missing persons in such admirable co-operation – would not have been possible otherwise.”

Citing Greek and Turkish archaeologists working and publishing together in projects on both sides of the Aegean, Sevketoglu stressed the urgent need of working out an arrangement.

“In 2018 I will complete 30 years of service in Cyprus archaeology,” she said.

“This is my last shot to inform those in authority to change their stance – the United Nations needs to step in and establish the rules between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot authorities to make this work out.”

Author: Angelos Anastasiou | Source: Cyprus Mail [October 08, 2017]


Anglo-Saxon settlement found at wind farm cable site

Archaeologists have unearthed an Anglo-Saxon settlement as part of preparation work for a £2.5bn wind farm.

Anglo-Saxon settlement found at wind farm cable site
The settlement is thought to have been used for seasonal work 
[Credit: ScottishPower Renewables]

East Anglia One is being built 30 miles (48km) off the Suffolk coast, with the onshore cable route running 23 miles (37km) from Bawdsey to Bramford.

There are 50 excavation sites along the route, with some 400 archaeologists working on the project.

Experts said they have discovered “many layers of activity” at the “complex” 1,500 sq m site near Ipswich.


ScottishPower Renewables, the energy firm behind the scheme, said project leaders were unable to recruit enough archaeologists from the UK and had to turn to Portugal to get more specialists.

Archaeologists have uncovered what is thought to be a bread oven, a corn drier and a broken millstone.

They think the buildings were used for seasonal work, and if the broken millstone is medieval they “can be sure” the site was occupied by the miller.

Anglo-Saxon settlement found at wind farm cable site
A stone spindle whorl, said to be early medieval in date, was discovered by the team 
[Credit: ScottishPower Renewables]

Experts have also unearthed later activity with an 18th Century quarry at the site.

Richard Newman, from Wardell Armstrong Archaeology, said the finds will be analysed further and detailed reports will be produced.

“It is safe to say we already know a lot more about Suffolk’s history today than we did a year ago,” he added.

Anglo-Saxon settlement found at wind farm cable site
Archaeologists think an uncovered green-glazed jug was made in East Anglia 
[Credit: ScottishPower Renewables]

Up to 230 specialists have worked on the site each week and 20 metal detectorists have been invited to work on the project.

Jo Young, from Scottish Renewables, said: “This wind farm is about the future, new technology and carbon-free living but we have to look at the past. That’s the beauty of it, looking into the future and into the history of Suffolk.”

Cabling will be laid once the excavation work is complete. East Anglia One will have 102 wind turbines and is due to be operational by 2020.

Source: BBC News Website [October 09, 2017]


SpaceX Iridium-3 Mission Success

SpaceX – Falcon 9 / Iridium Next patch.

October 9, 2017

Falcon 9 carrying 10 Iridium Next launch

On Monday, October 9, at 5:37 a.m. PDT, SpaceX successfully launched the Iridium-3 mission from Space Launch Complex 4E (SLC-4E) at Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.

SpaceX Iridium-3 Mission launch

This mission carried the third set of 10 Iridium NEXT satellites to their targeted orbit as part of a series of launches that will put a total of 81 Iridium NEXT satellites into orbit, 75 of which will be launched by SpaceX for the Iridium Next mobile communications fleet.

Iridium Next satellite

Following stage separation, the first stage of Falcon 9 successfully landing on the “Just Read the Instructions” droneship stationed in the Pacific Ocean.

For more information about Iridium Next mobile communications, visit: https://www.iridium.com/network/iridiumnext

For more information about SpaceX, visit: http://www.spacex.com/

Images, Video, Text, Credits: SpaceX/Thales.

Greetings, Orbiter.ch

Пожар в калифорнийском городе Санта-Роза (США, 09.10.2017)…

Пожар в калифорнийском городе Санта-Роза (США, 09.10.2017)

Вспышка торнадо в провинциях Гаутенг и Фри-Стейт (ЮАР,...

Вспышка торнадо в провинциях Гаутенг и Фри-Стейт (ЮАР, 09.10.2017).



Head of a female figure, Ancient Near Eastern ArtMedium:…

Head of a female figure, Ancient Near Eastern Art

Medium: Ivory

Rogers Fund, 1954

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


Plate: the king Yazdgard I, slaying a stag

Plate: the king Yazdgard I, slaying a stag

The moon rising viewed from the ISS | Planetary…

The moon rising viewed from the ISS | Planetary Landscapes
Credit photo:
ESA Astronaut Thomas Pesquet

Scientists propose method to increase the efficiency of solar…

Scientists propose method to increase the efficiency of solar batteries

Researchers from Department of Material Sciences, Lomonosov MSU, have determined how changing the ratio of components forming the light-absorbing layer of a perovskite solar cell influences the structure of resulting films and battery efficiency. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Organic-inorganic perovskites are a new class of photoactive (i.e. reacting to light) materials. They were named after the mineral perovskite (CaTiO3, calcium titanate) because of structural similarities, though their own is much more interesting. Such materials can be used to create perovskite solar batteries, which were first introduced only five years ago, but have already surpassed the efficiency of more expensive silicon solar elements.

In their previous study, the authors have found that filiform (wire-like) hybrids of perovskites have acquired their shape because of the structure of intermediate compounds, which are formed during the process of perovskite crystallization. The researchers have discovered a whole group of these compounds, every one of which is a crystalline solvate. The crystalline solvates are crystalline compounds with molecules of the precursor components’ solvent built into their structure. The dissolved components precipitate from the solution and form a crystalline film of perovskite.

The researchers selected and described three intermediate compounds which are crystalline solvates of one of the two solvents used most often in creating perovskite solar batteries. For two of these compounds, their crystal structure was established for the first time.

Read more.

Сильные перепады температуры в Денвере. Ещё вчера воздух...

Сильные перепады температуры в Денвере. Ещё вчера воздух там прогрелся до +19 градусов Цельсия, а уже сегодня ночью пошел снег и столбик термометра упал до отметки в ноль градусов. (Колорадо, США).

Активность вулкана Попокатепетль за последние два дня,...

Активность вулкана Попокатепетль за последние два дня, Мексика.

«Это археологический рай, созданный человеком»: на Алтае...

«Это археологический рай, созданный человеком»: на Алтае завершился Всероссийский археологический съезд
На минувшей неделе Алтайский край стал центром российской археологии. И это неудивительно, ведь Алтай называют «колыбелью человечества». Всероссийский археологический съезд объединил около 500 учёных.
Посреди такого сада камней когда-то «росла» человеческая цивилизация. Копии древних наскальных рисунков установили у стен АлтГУ специально к открытию археологического форума. К встрече с теми, кто изучает историю по её следам, подготовились и в университетском музее: здесь открыли экспозицию с последними находками, что дала земля Алтая.
Вот свидетельства пазырыкской культуры, к которой относилась легендарная принцесса Укока. Она носила похожий на этот головной убор, почти метр высотой! Правда, здесь его фотокопия. Оригинал из золота не экспонируется – слишком дорогая вещь, говорят учёные. А это уже артефакты нашей эры. Эпоха великого переселения народов – V век, погребение неизвестного воина.
Ярослав Фролов, директор музея археологии и этнографии АлтГУ:
– Интересно оно тем, что в самом погребении не было тела умершего, видимо, вместо человека в могилу поместили вот такой символический заменитель тела – берестяную фигурку. И в могиле можно увидеть уникальные совершенно вещи. Деревянные детали, сохранившийся лук.
Столь масштабный археологический форум Алтай принимал впервые. В программу вошли 538 докладов. Они охватили тысячелетия истории – от каменного века до позднего средневековья. Учёные делились не только результатами раскопок – обсуждали и проблемы, которые сегодня стоят перед археологией. Причём стоят в прямом смысле – к примеру, в виде массовой застройки.
Николай Макаров, директор Института археологии РАН:
– 80 процентов раскопок, которые сейчас ведутся в России, – это «спасательные» раскопки на местах строительства, на местах создания новых инфраструктур. Это мировая тенденция. Я могу сослаться на наши исследования в Крыму на трассе «Таврида», где в этом году выполняется крупнейший полевой проект. Огромное количество памятников оказалось в зоне прокладки трассы, они исследуются. Научные итоги достаточно серьёзные.
Крым, Поволжье, северные регионы страны – таков территориальный размах изысканий, о которых рассказывали историки. На суд своих коллег учёные представляли даже самые смелые гипотезы. К примеру, результаты раскопок в Узбекистане способны перевернуть представление о технологическом прогрессе этой территории.
Константин Павленок, заместитель директора Института археологии и этнографии СО РАН:
– Считалось, что такие технологии, как сверление, шлифование камня, – они соотносятся с этой территорией с достаточно поздними комплексами эпохи неолита. Это в районе 5–6 тысяч лет назад. Сейчас открытия наших коллег позволяют гораздо раньше фиксировать проявление этих технологий – в районе XVIII–XVII тысячелетия до нашей эры! То есть мы в ходе исследований опустили планку на 10 тысяч лет.
О раннем детстве и даже младенчестве человеческой цивилизации историки говорили немало. Декорациями для этой учёной беседы стали главные археологические достопримечательности края. Прежде всего легендарная Денисова пещера. Хомо алтаенсис, останки которого были здесь найдены, вместе с другими древними гоминидами порядком «наследил» в геноме современного человека. Этой новой гипотезе о происхождении людей был посвящён один из докладов.
Анатолий Деревянко, научный руководитель Института археологии и этнографии СО РАН:
– Человек современного анатомического типа произошёл из четырёх таксонов, из четырёх подвидов хомо сапиенс. Это хомо сапиенс африканенсис – Африка, хомо сапиенс неандерталенсис – это Европа в основном. Хомо сапиенс ориентиленсис – Восточная и Юго-Восточная Азия. И хомо сапиенс алтаенсис – денисовский человек.
Уникальность «денисовского» наследия ещё и в том, что оно хранится здесь, даже если не осталось ни одной косточки. Генетический материал «добывают», просто зачерпывая землю совком. Поражённые этим историки – а многие видели Денисову пещеру впервые – всерьёз заговорили об Алтае как о колыбели мира. Кто-то из учёных даже сказал: археология каменного века теперь не европоцентрична – она алтаецентрична. В этом гости убеждались и возле ещё одного памятника древности. Стоянка Карама в долине Ануя напоминает слоёный пирог. Больше всего она славится древнейшими орудиями из гальки эпохи палеолита. Техника их изготовления поразила учёных.
Михаил Шуньков, директор Института археологии и этнографии СО РАН:
– Но на этой гальке… Такая грубая массивная галька. Но у неё на конце пластинчатыми сколами высокой формы образовано лезвие кольцевого скребка. Всё очень просто, но очень всё технологично, продуманно, удобно и эффективно!
Николай Макаров, директор Института археологии РАН:
– Это археологический рай, созданный человеком! Рай на земле, Беловодье, – оно здесь. Замечательный памятник, замечательные условия для работы археологов.
Узнать, дал ли форум миру новую археологическую сенсацию, как дали памятники древности Алтая, можно будет, когда ученые «подобьют» все итоги. Предыдущий археологический съезд, который проходил в Казани, завершился изданием пяти увесистых томов. Результаты этой исторической встречи должны стать столь же масштабными.
Оригинал материала https://vesti22.tv/

Uninscribed Scarab Bead, Egyptian ArtMedium: FaienceRogers Fund,…

Uninscribed Scarab Bead, Egyptian Art

Medium: Faience

Rogers Fund, 1935

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


Emmonsite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Mineral Locality: Moctezuma…

Emmonsite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Mineral

Locality: Moctezuma Mine, Moctezuma, Mun. de Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico

FOV: 5 mm

Photo Copyright © Stephan Wolfsried

Geology Page


Azurite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Mineral Locality: Kamariza…

Azurite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Mineral

Locality: Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines), Greece

Size: 1.7 x 0.8 x 0.5 cm

Photo Copyright © Michalis Fitros

Geology Page


Short-Trident Walliserops Trilobite | #Geology #GeologyPage…

Short-Trident Walliserops Trilobite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Trilobite #Fossil

AGE: Middle Devonian, Eifilian Stage

LOCATION: Foum Zguid, Morocco

FORMATION: Timrhanrhart Formation

SIZE: 2.75″ long including fork

Photo Copyright © Fossil Era

Geology Page


Penfieldite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Mineral Locality:…

Penfieldite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Mineral

Locality: Margarita Mine, Caracoles, Sierra Gorda District, Antofagasta Province, Antofagasta Region, Chile

FOV: 2.5 mm

Photo Copyright © Christian Rewitzer

Geology Page


Lepidocrocite, Bariopharmacosiderite | #Geology #GeologyPage…

Lepidocrocite, Bariopharmacosiderite | #Geology #GeologyPage #Mineral

Locality: Les Montmins Mine, Échassières, Ébreuil, Allier, Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, France

FOV: 1.06 mm

Red lepidocrocite balls on yellow bariopharmacosiderite.

Photo Copyright © Yannick Vessely

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