пятница, 6 октября 2017 г.

Star Trek Discovery: diverse futuristic vision let down by 20th-century gender stereotypes

by Ella Tennant



Star Trek, from the original series through several generations of sequels, is one of the best-loved and most enduring science fiction creations. For more than 50 years, the television series and films have displayed a universe of tolerance and inclusivity, based on the progressive ideas and vision of the future of its creator, Gene Roddenberry.


The cultural impact of Roddenberry’s vision has been significant, particularly in how gender and minority groups have been portrayed – starships and galaxies peopled with characters from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds and the Federation of Planets as a community of worlds peacefully co-existing.


But the newest addition to the Star Trek family has already caused a stir among fans.




The criticism is not just that the series, Discovery, is darker and more conflict-focused than its predecessors nor that there is too much emphasis on the imperialist patriarchy of the Klingons. The controversy instead stems from the fact that the trailer shows two women, neither of them white, in command positions.


Pataikos or other dwarf god, with curly hair, Egyptian…


Pataikos or other dwarf god, with curly hair, Egyptian Art


Medium: wood


Gift of Helen Miller Gould, 1910

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/564549


Вулканические пейзажи Камчатки и активность вулканов...











Вулканические пейзажи Камчатки и активность вулканов Шивелуч и Карымская Сопка, сентябрь 2017.


Фотограф – Stefan Tommasini


Тропический циклон Нэйт в Центральной Америке, 4-6 октября...

Тропический циклон Нэйт в Центральной Америке, 4-6 октября 2017.


met-ancient-art: Plate, Ancient Near Eastern ArtMedium:…


met-ancient-art:



Plate, Ancient Near Eastern Art


Medium: Ivory


Gift of Mrs. George D. Pratt, in memory of George D. Pratt, 1937

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/323595



Rod of Opaque Yellow Glass, Egyptian ArtMedium: GlassRogers…


Rod of Opaque Yellow Glass, Egyptian Art


Medium: Glass


Rogers Fund, 1912

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/551604


Twisted Face Mask, Arts of Africa, Oceania, and the…


Twisted Face Mask, Arts of Africa, Oceania, and the Americas


Medium: Ceramic, pigment


Purchase, Anonymous Gift, 2011

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/320843


met-armsarmor: Cantle Plate, Arms and ArmorMedium: Steel,…


met-armsarmor:



Cantle Plate, Arms and Armor


Medium: Steel, gold


Rogers Fund, 1955

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/27201



ЦИКЛОН “КСАВЬЕР” В ПОЛЬШЕПо Польше в ночь с 5 на 6...











ЦИКЛОН “КСАВЬЕР” В ПОЛЬШЕ


По Польше в ночь с 5 на 6 октября прошел мощный циклон «Ксавьер». В результате удара стихии погибли по меньшей мере два человека, еще 39 человек получили ранения, сообщает «Радио Польша».Жертвами стихии стала женщина, на которую упало дерево, и мужчина, которого порывом ветра сбросило с крыши, где он выполнял ремонтные работы. Среди пострадавших также спасатели.
Наиболее серьезно от ненастья пострадали западные районы страны — Великопольское, Нижнесилезское и Любуское воеводства. В связи с непогодой спасатели выезжали по вызовам около 10 тыс. раз. Буря повалила около 9 тыс. деревьев и повредила крыши 890 зданий. Обесточены около 714 тысяч домохозяйств по всей стране. В ликвидации последствий стихии задействованы 41,5 тыс. сотрудников пожарной службы. Скорость максимальных порывов ветра достигала в ряде районов 100-112 км/ч (27-31 м/c).


“Prophet Muhammad Preaching”, Folio from a Maqtal-i Al-i Rasul of Lami’i Chelebi by...

“Prophet Muhammad Preaching”, Folio from a Maqtal-i Al-i Rasul of Lami’i Chelebi by Lami’i Chelebi


Pin with head of a dog, Greek and Roman ArtMedium: BronzeMuseum…


Pin with head of a dog, Greek and Roman Art


Medium: Bronze


Museum Accession

Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, NY


http://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/256656


Масляная лампа. Бронза. I в. н.э. Римская империя. Куплена...


Масляная лампа. Бронза. I в. н.э. Римская империя. Куплена музеем в 1990 г. Гарвардский художественный музей (США)
Oil Lamp. Bronze. 1st century AD. Roman. Purchase, 1990. Harvard Art Museums (USA)
Подробнее см. на официальном сайте музея http://www.harvardartmuseums.org/collections/object/300052?position=13
Источник
Археологический гид Archaeological guide
https://www.facebook.com/archaeologicalguide/


Parc National de la Jacques Cartier This river, the…


Parc National de la Jacques Cartier


This river, the Jacques-Cartier River in Quebec, Canada, drains an area north of Quebec City into the St. Lawrence River and eventually to the Atlantic. The shape of this river valley is distinctively glacial. When rivers erode downwards to create canyons, they typically leave the walls surrounding them at or near the angle of repose – the angle where if rocks are too steep they break off and fall as rockfalls or avalanches. River-carved valleys therefore have a characteristic “V-shape” with the river at the bottom of the V and walls at or near the angle of repose. Geologic units of differing strength can disrupt this pattern somewhat, but it holds impressively well.

the_wobbly_fossiler A small Promicroceras planicosta ammonite in…






the_wobbly_fossiler A small Promicroceras planicosta ammonite in a beach rolled fragment of limestone. Just one of a few pieces found during a short, impromptu visit to Charmouth, Dorset. A reasonable handful of pieces today, but most will need preparing before they are more than just ‘marks in a rock’. Approximately 195 million years old. 



michellembarboza #FossilFridayUpdate: using a special…






A post shared by Michelle (@michellembarboza) on






michellembarboza #FossilFridayUpdate: using a special photogrammetry program, the 100+ photos taken last week by @zigthehuman have been stitched together into a 3D model of the @floridamuseum #smilodon skull! Next week? 3D printing!



Key to why Harappans moved east lies in excavations



Pottery and other cultural material, dating back to over 2000 BC that was found at an excavation site in Uttar Pradesh’s Sakatpur village by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) between January and March this year could help archaeologists understand why people from the late Harappan civilisation moved eastwards as the civilisation disintegrated.











Key to why Harappans moved east lies in excavations
Excavations in Sakatpur village of Saharanpur district [Credit: HT]

During the excavation, officials of the Agra Circle of the ASI found a host of materials, including six copper axes, over four kilns, pottery, beads and stone material.


Superintendent Archaeologist of the Agra Circle, Dr Bhuvan Vikrama, says that the ASI carried out the excavation at the site after construction workers stumbled upon dated brick material. He adds that the findings could point at either a late Harappan civilisation, which ranges from 1800 BCE to 1700 BCE, or at the 2nd millennium BC Ochre Coloured Pottery culture (OCP).











Key to why Harappans moved east lies in excavations
Pottery shards found at Sakatpur [Credit: DNAIndia]

“The stone material and beads that we found at the site is typologically different from the Harappan civilisation, and is yet contemporary to the late Harappan period. The findings could also reveal a culture along the Yamuna with linkages to Harappan civilisation,” said Dr Vikrama. He added that the ASI has now sent material from the site for carbon dating, and while 2000 BC is a tentative date, it could also be pushed back further.


Dr. Mayank Vahia, a scientist at the department of Astronomy and Astrophysics at the TATA Institute of Fundamental Research, says that the findings could help archaeologists study why the late Harappan Civilisation moved eastwards.











Key to why Harappans moved east lies in excavations
The copper axes, thought to date to 2000 BC, from Sakatpur 
[Credit: The Hindu]

“Sakatpur will not be the first finding from the period, and there have been several findings in Central Maharashtra dating to periods between 1700 and 1900 BCE. Yet, the study is significant because little is known about why people moved towards Eastern India when the Harappan Civilisation was in its last days,” said Dr Vahia.


Author: Amrita Madhukalya | Source: DNA India [October 05, 2017]




TANN




Evidence points to wider Norse settlement in Scotland’s Caithness brochs



Archaeologists are hoping they may soon be able to shed light on the past history of mysterious Iron Age ruins in the Scottish Highlands.











Evidence points to wider Norse settlement in Scotland's Caithness brochs
Things Va Broch [Credit: Caithness Broch Project]

Geophysical scans of the land around two ancient roundhouses known as brochs have uncovered tantalising evidence they were part of wider settlements.


Brochs date to the first century AD and are unique to Scotland. The stone towers, which can stand several storeys high, have baffled historians for centuries and their exact purpose remains a mystery.


Most have been reduced to mounds of rubble or simple features on the landscape, but some are surprisingly intact given their age.


Scientists and enthusiasts working Bruan Broch, the first site being examined, found evidence of further structures to the southwest and southeast.


They believe this may be evidence of a settlement known as a ‘wag’, which are sometimes associated with former broch sites.


Brochs were once believed to be forts, but that theory has fallen out of favour because they are often built on ground which would not have been defendable.











Evidence points to wider Norse settlement in Scotland's Caithness brochs
An image from the geophysical survey at Things Va Broch 
 [Credit: ORCA/Caithness Broch Project]

It has also been suggested that they were the “stately homes” of Iron Age Chiefs, but this has been debunked given the sheer number – more than 500 – which dot the landscape.


Geophysics data from the second site at Thing’s Va Broch near Thurso indicated more recent buildings nearby which may be linked to the structure’s Norse heritage.


The broch takes its peculiar name from the Viking word for parliament, as it was reused by settlers from Scandinavia when they arrived in the region during the Dark Ages.


Scans also showed an “anomaly” to the northeast of the broch which could represent a burnt mound. A cairn to the south is also being suggested as the site of a substantial roundhouse from the Late Iron Age.


The discoveries were made during work undertaken by the Orkney Research Centre for Archaeology and the University of the Highlands and Islands Archaeology Institute as part of the Caithness Broch Project.


Further archaeological digs will now take place at the two sites in Caithness later this month.


Dan Lee, Lifelong Learning and Outreach Archaeologist at the Archaeology Institute, said: “We are looking forward to finding out more about these two important broch sites.


“The trial trenching, together with geophysics data gathered last month, should help us understand more fully the story of these two important sites.”


Author: Jody Harrison | Source: The Herald [October 05, 2017]




TANN




Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds



For the third consecutive year, the Greek Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities has conducted an underwater excavation at the site of the Antikythera shipwreck. Work was carried out between the 4th and the 20th of September, under particularly good weather conditions, as has been announced by the Ministry of Culture and Sports.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Finds from the excavation at the site of the Shipwreck of Antikythera 
[Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

During research, excavations continued in the sea area, from where come the remains of skeletons from last year’s operation, as well as components from the ship itself such as: sections of lead tubing, counterweights and aggregates of iron objects. At the same time, a multitude of shards of amphorae and other vessels were recovered in this year’s excavation season.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Finds from the excavation at the site of the Shipwreck of Antikythera 
[Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

Among the most significant finds to be pulled up is a section of the bronze folds from a statue’s garment, as well as a right arm made of bronze, in one piece. An aggregate was also recovered formed round some iron object that is entirely oxidized and has left its imprint.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Finds from the excavation at the site of the Shipwreck of Antikythera 
[Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

It was also observed that lead leaf, shells and pieces of wood have been trapped in it. As showed by radiography, inside the aggregate there is also an omphalos bowl/phiale made of a metal whose type will be discovered when released from the limestone formation.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Bronze right arm, intact from shoulder to fingers [Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

Also found was a rectangular, practically intact slab of multicoloured reddish marble from a table top with a rim on its obverse side, measuring 68×35 cm and 5cm thick, as well as one more stamped amphora handle ,similar with two others found in earlier excavations.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Bronze right arm, intact from shoulder to fingers [Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

It is worth noting that the bronze findings include a highly oxidized disc-shaped object, with four perforated appendages, on which, as radiography has shown, there is the image of an animal, possibly a bull.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Bronze, disc like object with four perforated appendages, on which,as shown by radiography, there is the image 
of an animal, probably a bull [Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

Lastly, a particularly important finding is a wooden part of the ship itself (shell and ribs), which, combined with the findings of the cargo and its location, further clarifies the picture of the naval accident, especially in conjunction with the indirect information from material recovered by sponge divers in 1900.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Aggregate of metal object inside which , as shown by radiography, there is an omphalos bowl/phiale made 
of a metal whose type will be discovered when released from the limestone formation 
[Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

More small items were labelled or pulled up such as ceramic fragments, nails from the ship itself and sheets of metal from the ship’s plating, as well as objects that are evidence of the presence of the Cousteau/Ministry of Culture and Sciences team in 1976.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Rectangular, practically intact slab of multicoloured reddish marble from a table top with a rim on its obverse side, 
measuring 68×35 cm and 5cm thick [Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

The excavation also yielded objects which, αt first glance, are hard to distinguish and which will later be studied in order to be identified











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Stamped handle of an amphora [Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

At the same time, the excavation was extended to two more areas, where fragments of copper and marble statues to be researched in future, were located under large boulders that had landed on the sea bed during a massive earthquake.











Antikythera shipwreck yields more amazing finds
Bronze detail of folds from a garment, belonging to a statue 
[Credit: Ministry of Culture and Sports]

The research conducted is under the direction of the Ephorate of Underwater Antiquities headed by Angeliki Simosi, while the scientists responsible for the project and field operators are archaeologists Th. Theodoulou and D. Kourkoumelis from the EUA. The research team collaborates with the archaeologist technologist Dr B. Foley from the University of Lund.




“This research conducted by the Ministry of Culture and Sports is under the auspices of the Presidency of the Hellenic Republic and funded from resources secured by Dr. Foley and provided through the University of Lund or through the Non-Profit Organization ARGO. Research was supported by the Swiss company Hublot, the Catherine Laskaridis Foundation, the Swordspoint Foundation, Autodesk, the OTE-COSMOTE companies and the Domestic Property Committee of Kythera and Antikythera. Special thanks are due to the Municipality of Kythera, which provides the entire municipal infrastructure for hospitality in Antikythera, as well as to the people of Antikythera”, concludes the Ministry’s announcement.


Source: Archaiologia Online [October 06, 2017]




TANN




Северное сияние на севере Ленинградской области, Россия.02...





Северное сияние на севере Ленинградской области, Россия.
02 октября 2017 года.


by@damirlano (Дамир Ялышев)


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