суббота, 30 сентября 2017 г.

Atomistic simulations go the distance on metal…

Atomistic simulations go the distance on metal…

Atomistic simulations go the distance on metal strength

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have dived down to the atomic scale to resolve every “jiggle and wiggle” of atomic motion that underlies metal strength.

In a first of its kind series of computer simulations focused on metal tantalum, the team predicted that, on reaching certain critical conditions of straining, metal plasticity (the ability to change shape under load) meets its limits. One limit is reached when crystal defects known as dislocations are no longer able to relieve mechanical loads, and another mechanism – twinning, or the sudden reorientation of the crystal lattice – is activated and takes over as the dominant mode of dynamic response.

The research appears in the Sept. 27 edition of Nature as an Advance Online Publication.

Strength and plasticity properties of a metal are defined by dislocations, line defects in the crystal lattice whose motion causes material slippage along crystal planes. The theory of crystal dislocation was first advanced in the 1930s, and much research since then has focused on dislocation interactions and their role in metal hardening, in which continued deformation increases the metal’s strength (much like a blacksmith pounding on steel with a hammer). The same simulations strongly suggest that the metal cannot be strengthened forever.

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